Last Update: December 2017
Institutional Framework Database for Social Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Mexico

 

 

Legal and regulatory dimension
Adherence, signing, and ratification of covenants, conventions, and agreements related to economic, social, and cultural rights
Ratified/Adhered to     Signed     Without Signature / Ratification
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racism Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women Convention on the Rights of the Child International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean
23-March-1981 20-February-1975 17-December-2007 23-March-1981 21-September-1990 08-March-1999 12-July-1993
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The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol are the international instruments for the Universal Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulate the protection of economic, social, and cultural rights. The Covenant was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2200 A (XXI) on December 16th, 1966 and became effective in 1976.

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The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racism is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations, explicitly directed towards the elimination of any kind of racial discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2106 (XX) on December 21st, 1965 and became effective in 1969.

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The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of human rights for persons with disabilities, explicitly mentioning a social development perspective. In this Convention a broad classification of persons with disabilities are considered, and it reaffirms that all people with all kinds of disabilities should be able to enjoy all their fundamental human rights and liberties. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 13th, 2006.

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The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of women. It defines acts that constitute discrimination against women and describes the nature of State obligations through laws, public policy, and programs that the State should develop to eliminate discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1979.

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The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that recognizes the articulated rights of the child on the basis of four fundamental principles: no discrimination, best interests of the child, the right to life, livelihood and development, and the respect of the child’s opinion. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on November 20th, 1989.

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The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of migrant persons and their families, regardless of their migration status. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1990.

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The Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that advises governments in assuming responsibility for developing, with the participation of indigenous populations, a coordinated and systematic action plan with the aim of protecting the rights of these populations and guaranteeing the respect of their integrity. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on June 27th, 1989.

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Constitutional Mention of Sectoral Topics
Explicit Mention      Indirect/Implicit Mention     Does not mention

Year of Latest Observed Constitution

Social Housing

Work and Social Security

Public Health

Public Education

Social Development

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Women

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Afrodecendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

1917
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Artículo 4o. Toda familia tiene derecho a disfrutar de vivienda digna y decorosa. La Ley establecerá los instrumentos y apoyos necesarios a fin de alcanzar tal objetivo.

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XXIX. Es de utilidad pública la Ley del Seguro Social, y ella comprenderá seguros de invalidez, de vejez, de vida, de cesación involuntaria del trabajo, de enfermedades y accidentes, de servicios de guardería y cualquier otro encaminado a la protección y bienestar de los trabajadores, campesinos, no asalariados y otros sectores sociales y sus familiares.

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Artículo 4o. Toda persona tiene derecho a la protección de la salud. La Ley definirá las bases y modalidades para el acceso a los servicios de salud y establecerá la concurrencia de la Federación y las entidades federativas en materia de salubridad general, conforme a lo que dispone la fracción XVI del artículo 73 de esta Constitución.

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Artículo 3o. Todo individuo tiene derecho a recibir educación. El Estado –Federación, Estados, Distrito Federal y Municipios–, impartirá educación preescolar, primaria, secundaria y media superior. La educación preescolar, primaria y secundaria conforman la educación básica; ésta y la media superior serán obligatorias.

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Capítulo I Derechos Humanos y sus Garantías Artículo 26. El Estado contará con un Consejo Nacional de Evaluación de la Política de Desarrollo Social, que será un órgano autónomo, con personalidad jurídica y patrimonio propios, a cargo de la medición de la pobreza y de la evaluación de los programas, objetivos, metas y acciones de la política de desarrollo social, así como de emitir recomendaciones en los términos que disponga la ley, la cual establecerá las formas de coordinación del órgano con las autoridades federales, locales y municipales para el ejercicio de sus funciones.

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Artículo 4o. En todas las decisiones y actuaciones del Estado se velará y cumplirá con el principio del interés superior de la niñez, garantizando de manera plena sus derechos. Los niños y las niñas tienen derecho a la satisfacción de sus necesidades de alimentación, salud, educación y sano esparcimiento para su desarrollo integral. Este principio deberá guiar el diseño, ejecución, seguimiento y evaluación de las políticas públicas dirigidas a la niñez.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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Artículo 4o. El varón y la mujer son iguales ante la ley. Esta protegerá la organización y el desarrollo de la familia.Parte Indigenas. II. Aplicar sus propios sistemas normativos en la regulación y solución de sus conflictos internos, sujetándose a los principios generales de esta Constitución, respetando las garantías individuales, los derechos humanos y, de manera relevante, la dignidad e integridad de las mujeres. La ley establecerá los casos y procedimientos de validación por los jueces o tribunales correspondientes.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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A. Esta Constitución reconoce y garantiza el derecho de los pueblos y las comunidades indígenas a la libre determinación y, en consecuencia, a la autonomía para: I. Decidir sus formas internas de convivencia y organización social, económica, política y cultural.

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Artículo 33. Son personas extranjeras las que no posean las calidades determinadas en el artículo 30 constitucional y gozarán de los derechos humanos y garantías que reconoce esta Constitución

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Specific national laws
Law present      Official information not available
 

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Women

Peoples with Disabilites

Afrodescendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

Public Education

Work and Social Security

Social Housing

Public Health

Social Development

 
Legal Instrument Ley de Protección de los Derechos del Niño, Niña y Adolescente Ley del Instituto Mexicano de la Juventud Ley de los Derechos de las Personas Adultas Mayres Ley General para la Igualdad entre Mujeres y Hombres Ley General de las Personas con Discapacidad Ley Federal Para Prevenir y Eliminar la Discriminación de 2003 Decreto de Ley: "Ley de Migración (2011) Ley General de Educación Ley Federal del Trabajo Ley de Vivienda Ley General de Salud Ley General de Desarrollo Social
  Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law

 

 

 

Organizational dimension
Main authority for intersectoral coordination

 

Country Mexico
Main authority Inclusive Mexico Specialized Cabinet
Year of creation 2013
Coordinating authority Secretariat of Social Development
Members Ministry of Social Development; Secretary of Public Education; Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare; Health Secretary; Legal Counsel of the Federal Executive; Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources; Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food; Ministry of Communications and Transport; Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit; Secretary of Foreign Relations; Ministry of the Interior; Mexican Social Security Institute; National Council for Culture and Arts; National Institute of Women; Institute of Security and Social Services of State Workers; Institute of the National Housing Fund for Workers, and National Water Commission.
 
Main authority devoted to social development

 

Country Mexico
Main authority Ministry of Welfare
Year of creation 2018
Mission The Ministry of Welfare has responsibilities on the following matters: I. Strengthen welfare, development, inclusion and social cohesion in the country. II. Formulate, conduct and evaluate the general policy of social development for the effective fight against poverty. III. Coordinating actions that affect the welfare of the population, the fight against poverty and human development, promoting a better standard of living. IV. Encourage the activities of civil society organizations in welfare affairs, poverty eradication and human development V. Evaluate the application of transfers of funds to states and municipalities, and of the social and private sectors, which are derived from the actions and investments agreed upon in the terms of this article; VI. Coordinate, specify and execute special programs for the attention of the most unprotected social sectors to raise the standard of living of the population VII. To promote policies and follow up on programs of social inclusion and protection of the rights of children and adolescents VIII. Develop public policies and follow up on the programs of support and inclusion of young people to participatory and productive social life; IX. Promote public policies and follow up on inclusion and care programs for older adults and their rights; of persons with disabilities and of indigenous peoples XI. Promote, through the National System of Public and Private Social Assistance, public policies regarding social assistance and family integration. XII. Promote the construction of infrastructure and equipment to strengthen the development and social inclusion. XIV. Formulating, conducting and evaluating the policy of promotion and development of the social sector of the economy; XV. Promoting the organization and constitution of all types of cooperative societies, whose purpose is industrial production, distribution or consumption, and XVI. To encourage and support rural family subsistence production units; XVII. Participation in the coordination and implementation of rural development policies to raise the level of welfare of families, communities and ejidos; XVIII. Assist in the design and implementation of public policies aimed at promoting agroforestry, productivity, social economy and employment in rural areas and to prevent migration from rural areas; XIX. Promote programs to promote co-responsibility in an equitable manner between families, the State and social and private assistance institutions, regarding child care and protection of vulnerable groups; XX. Coordinate, together with the General Coordination of Programs for Development, the State Delegations of the Programs for the Development of the Federative Entities XXI. Integrate, maintain and update an information system with the lists of beneficiaries of social programs of the Federal Public Administration, as well as debug their duplications. The Secretariat of Welfare has responsibilities on the following matters: I. Strengthen welfare, development, inclusion and social cohesion in the country. II. Formulate, conduct and evaluate the general policy of social development for the effective fight against poverty. III. Coordinating actions that affect the welfare of the population, the fight against poverty and human development, promoting a better standard of living. IV. Encourage the activities of civil society organizations in welfare affairs, poverty eradication and human development V. Evaluate the application of transfers of funds to states and municipalities, and of the social and private sectors, which are derived from the actions and investments agreed upon in the terms of this article; VI. Coordinate, specify and execute special programs for the attention of the most unprotected social sectors to raise the standard of living of the population VII. To promote policies and follow up on programs of social inclusion and protection of the rights of children and adolescents VIII. Develop public policies and follow up on the programs of support and inclusion of young people to participatory and productive social life; IX. Promote public policies and follow up on inclusion and care programs for older adults and their rights; of persons with disabilities and of indigenous peoples XI. Promote, through the National System of Public and Private Social Assistance, public policies regarding social assistance and family integration. XII. Promote the construction of infrastructure and equipment to strengthen the development and social inclusion. XIV. Formulating, conducting and evaluating the policy of promotion and development of the social sector of the economy; XV. Promoting the organization and constitution of all types of cooperative societies, whose purpose is industrial production, distribution or consumption, and XVI. To encourage and support rural family subsistence production units; XVII. Participation in the coordination and implementation of rural development policies to raise the level of welfare of families, communities and ejidos; XVIII. Assist in the design and implementation of public policies aimed at promoting agroforestry, productivity, social economy and employment in rural areas and to prevent migration from rural areas; XIX. Promote programs to promote co-responsibility in an equitable manner between families, the State and social and private assistance institutions, regarding child care and protection of vulnerable groups; XX. Coordinate, together with the General Coordination of Programs for Development, the State Delegations of the Programs for the Development of the Federative Entities XXI. Integrate, maintain and update an information system with the lists of beneficiaries of social programs of the Federal Public Administration, as well as debug their duplications.
Incumbent María Luisa Albores González (2018)

 

 

 

Institutions protecting certain population segments
Official information not available
Population segment

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Women

Migrants

Main protection mechanism Sistema Nacional de Protección Integral De Niñas, Niños y Adolescentes Instituto Mexicano de la Juventud Instituto Nacional de las Personas Mayores Consejo Nacional para el Desarrollo y la Inclusión de las Personas con Discapacidad (CONADIS) Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres Instituto Nacional de Migración
Legal Instrument Ley General de los Derechos de Niñas, Niños y Adolescentes. (2014) Ley del Instituto Mexicano de la Juventud Ley de los Derechos de las Personas Adultas Mayores. (2002) Ley general para la inclusión de las personas con discapacidad Decreto de Ley: "Ley de Migración (2011)

 

 

 

Technical-operational dimension
Management, planning, evaluation, and transparency tools for social programmes
Tool present   Tool not present 



Main Social Protection Actor (Presence and Hierarchy)

Technical-operational dimension
Unique Registry of Participants Sistema Integrado de Administración Financiera /b Sectoral Plan for Social Development Transparence - system for accessing public information from the State

Integrated Social Information System

Evaluation mechanisms for social programs

General

Sectorial

General

Sectorial

Secretariat of Social Development
                 

 

 

 

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