Last Update: December 2017
Institutional Framework Database for Social Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Legal and regulatory dimension
The legal and regulatory dimension refers to the existing legal base of the institutional framework of social policy as a central element to identify the State's commitments to guarantee the economic, social, and cultural rights of people. This dimension incorporates the adherence and ratification of international compacts and treaties, the guarantee of rights, and the presence of different social themes in constitutional texts and specific national laws and regulations. Thus, it includes sectoral social laws, especially social development and social protection laws, as well as legislation devoted to specific segments of the population.


Latin America and the Caribbean (33 countries): Mention and coverage of social issues and specific groups with mentions in the Constitution
Country Year of the constitution observed Housing Employment protection/Social Security Health Education Social development Children and adolescents Youth Womens Older persons Persons with disabilities Afro-descendants Migrants
Antigua and Barbuda 1981 2 2
Argentina 1994 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2
Barbados 1966
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2009 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Brazil 1988 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2
Bahamas 1973
Belize 1981 2 2 2
Chile 1980 1 1 1 1 2
Colombia 1991 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2
Costa Rica 1949 1 1 2 1 1 2
Cuba 1976 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
Curazao 2010 1 1 1
Dominica 1978 2
Dominican Republic 2010 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Ecuador 2008 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1
Grenada 1973
Guatemala 1985 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
Guyana 1980 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Honduras 1982 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
Haiti 1987 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Jamaica 1962
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1983
Saint Lucia 1978
Mexico 1917 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Nicaragua 1948 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2
Panama 1972 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Peru 1993 1 1 1 1 1
Paraguay 1992 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1
Suriname 1987 2 2 1 1 2 1 1
El Salvador 1983 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2
Trinidad and Tobago 1976 2
Uruguay 1997 1 1 1 1 2
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1979
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1999 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2


Explicit mention      Indirect mention      No mention


Metadata
For the elaboration of this chart, each States’ Political Constitution in the region was analyzed to identify which of them mention the protection of principal rights regarding sectoral topics and prioritized segments of the population. Certain analysis criteria were established in which these rights could be expressed explicitly (indicated with a green checkmark) or indirectly (indicated with a yellow checkmark). To be categorized as “explicit”, the Constitution must recognize the rights that citizens possess regarding main sectoral topics and the rights of specific population groups, establishing that they are protected by the State and its Constitution. To be categorized as “indirect”, constitutional texts that provided mechanisms for the promotion and protection of sectoral topics and prioritized segments of the population were considered, but without classifying them as social rights.
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