Last Update: December 2017
Institutional Framework Database for Social Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Afro-descendants
The Social Development Division has amongst its goals to contribute to the diagnosis of the social situation of the Latin American and Caribbean population and to focus its interest in specific groups in different countries in the region.


Latin America (14 countries): main national instrument for the protection of the rights of people of African descent
Country Legal instrument Declared objective
Argentina Law no. 24,515 Create the National Institute against Discrimination, Xenophobia and Racism (INADI), as a decentralized entity within the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Interior.
Bolivia (Plur. State of) Law no. 045 The purpose of this Law is to establish mechanisms and procedures for the prevention and punishment of acts of racism and all forms of discrimination in the framework of the Political Constitution of the State and International Treaties of Rights Humans.
Brazil Law no. 10,678 The Special Secretariat for Policies for the Promotion of Racial Equality is hereby created as an advisory body to the President of the Republic.
Colombia Law no. 70 It aims to recognize black communities occupying barren land in the rural areas bordering the rivers of the Pacific basin, in accordance with their traditional production practices, the right to collective property and establish mechanisms for the protection of identity cultural and rights of the black communities of Colombia as an ethnic group and the promotion of their economic and social development.
Costa Rica Executive Decree no. 38,835 Create the figure of the Commissioner of the Presidency of the Republic for Afro-Costa Rican Community Affairs
Ecuador Executive Decree no. 1747 The Afro-Ecuadorian Development Corporation, CODAE, is created as a decentralized and participatory body, with legal status, attached to the Presidency of the Republic
Guatemala Government Agreement no. 390 The Presidential Commission Against Discrimination and Racism against Indigenous Peoples in Guatemala, which will have its responsible for the formulation of public policies that tend to eradicate racial discrimination.
Honduras Executive Decree no. 002-2004 Establishes, in particular, the functions of the aforementioned Commission, namely: advising and accompanying the different institutions and State officials, in the formulation of public policies as well as private institutions, to develop effective mechanisms that tend to eradicate discrimination racial discrimination, racism, xenophobia and related intolerance;
Mexico Federal Law to Prevent and Eliminate Discrimination The Council is created as the lead institution to promote policies and measures tending to contribute to cultural and social development and advance social inclusion and guarantee the right to equality
Nicaragua Presidential Decree no. 21 n.d
Panama Executive Decree no.116 Creates the National Secretariat of the Black Ethnicity as an autonomous entity of the State, with autonomous legal status in its internal regime and its own assets, to direct and implement the policy of social inclusion of black people in the National territory.
Peru Law no. 28,495 Its purpose is to create the National Institute of Development of Andean, Amazonian and Afro-Peruvian Peoples, hereinafter INDEPA, and regulate its nature, structure and functions for the effective formulation of national policies aimed at the development of the Andean, Amazonian and Afro-Peruvian Peoples.
Uruguay Law no. 17,817 The struggle against racism, xenophobia and all other forms of discrimination was declared to be of national interest.
Venezuela (Bol. Rep. of) Decree no. 3,645 Its purpose is the development, formulation, coordination, monitoring and evaluation of programs, methods and public policies for the Education Sector, which guarantee equal opportunities and treatment for all people in the enjoyment and effective exercise of the right to education.


 

 

Source: own elaboration based on information available on websites of disability institutions.

Metadata
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), based on official information reported by governments of the region.
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