Last Update: December 2017
Institutional Framework Database for Social Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Children and adolescents
The Division of Social Development’s work in childhood and adolescence focuses on contributing to the visibilisation of this population in Latin America and the Caribbean from a rights-based perspective. To do so, we reproduce and systemize information on child poverty, access to social protection, and policies aimed at improving their quality of life and strengthening the enjoyment of their rights.


Latin America and the Caribbean (23 countries): main national instrument for the protection of the rights of children and adolescents
Country Year of creation Legislation or Code of Childhood Identified objective
Argentina 2006 Law 26.061 of Integral Protection of the Rights of Girls, Boys and Adolescents and Decree 415/2006 The purpose of this law is the comprehensive protection of the rights of children and adolescents who are in the territory of the Argentine Republic, to guarantee full, effective and permanent exercise and enjoyment.
Bahamas 2004 Early Childhood Care Act, 2004. Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons; Workers with family responsibilities, Provides for regulation and management of day-care centres and pre-schools.
Belize   n.d. n.d.
Bolivia (Plur. State de) 1999 Child and Adolescent Code. Law 2026 (October 1999) Prevention, protection and comprehensive attention to every child or adolescent in order to ensure physical, mental, moral, spiritual, emotional and social development in conditions of freedom, respect, dignity, equity and justice.
Brazil 1990 Statute of the Child and Adolescent Law 8069. (1990) Law 8.242 (1991) and Decree 5089 (2004) Creation of the National Council for the Rights of Children and Adolescents (CONANDA) It establishes the comprehensive protection of children and adolescents, ensuring through national plans and policies the protection and promotion of children, adolescents and pregnant women
Chile 1979 Decree Law 2,465 Ministry of Justice. Creates the National Service for Minors (SENAME) Law 20,032 Establishes System of Attention to Children and Adolescents the National Service for Minors is created as an agency under the Ministry of Justice, responsible for helping to protect and promote the rights of children and adolescents
Colombia 2016 Law no. 1804 - Establishes a State Policy for the Integral Development of Early Childhood from Zero to Forever (2016) Establishes the State Policy for the Integral Development of Early Childhood from Zero to Always, which establishes the conceptual, technical and management bases to guarantee integral development during childhood and adolescence
Costa Rica 1998 Law 7739 Code of Children and Adolescents (1998) Decree 33028 (2006) by which the Regulation is issued to the National Council for Children and Adolescents Decree No. 35876-S (2009) Guidelines for the social sector and fight against poverty: It constitutes the minimum legal framework for the integral protection of the rights of minors. It establishes the fundamental principles of social or community participation as well as administrative and judicial processes
Cuba 1975 Family Code of 1975 Code of Children and Youth of 1978 Regulate the participation of children and young people under 30 in the constitution of the new society and establish the obligations of the people, organizations and institutions involved in their education in accordance with the objective of promoting the formation of the communist personality in the young generation .
Ecuador 2003 Code of Children and Adolescents, Law 100 (2003) Constitute the integral protection that the State, society and family must guarantee to all children and adolescents living in Ecuador, in order to achieve their integral development and the full enjoyment of their rights, within a framework of freedom , dignity and equity.
El Salvador 2009 Law for the Integral Protection of Children and Adolescents (March 2009) CONNA The Law for the Integral Protection of Children and Adolescents recognizes children and adolescents as individuals with legal status. Create and order public policies and national and local institutions for the comprehensive protection of their rights.
Guatemala 2003 Decree Number 27-2003 Law for the Integral Protection of Children and Adolescents (PINA - 2003) Legal instrument of family integration and social promotion, which seeks to achieve the integral and sustainable development of Guatemalan children and adolescents, within a democratic framework and unrestricted respect for human rights.
Honduras 1996 Code of Childhood and Adolescence (1996) The general objective of this Code is the integral protection of children in the terms established by the Constitution of the Republic and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, as well as the modernization and integration of the legal system of the Republic in this matter.
Jamaica 2005 Child Care and Protection Act (2005) Promote the best interests, safety and well-being of children;
Mexico 2014 General Law on the Rights of Girls, Boys and Adolescents. (2014) Guarantee the full exercise, respect, protection and promotion of the human rights of children and adolescents in accordance with the provisions of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States and international treaties of which the Mexican State is a party
Nicaragua 1998 Law 287 Code on Children and Adolescents (1998) (CONAPINA) Law 351 on the Organization of the National Council for Comprehensive Care and Protection of Children and Adolescents and the Ombudsman for Children and Adolescents and Decree General of the Law 63-2000 It regulates the integral protection that the family, society, the State and private institutions must provide to children and adolescents.
Panama 1994 Family Code The family unit, the equality of rights and duties of the spouses, the equality of the children and the protection of minors are fundamental principles for the application and interpretation of this body of laws.
Paraguay 2001 Law 1680/01 Code of Childhood and Adolescence (2001) Establishes and regulates the rights, guarantees and duties of children and adolescents, in accordance with the provisions of the National Constitution, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, international instruments on the protection of human rights approved and ratified by Paraguay, and laws.
Peru 2000 Code of Childhood and Adolescence (2000) Children and adolescents are subject to rights, freedoms and specific protection, for which they enjoy all the rights inherent to the human person and the specific rights related to their development process.
Dominican Republic 2003 Law 136-03 Code for the System of Protection and Fundamental Rights of Children and Adolescents El presente Código tiene por objeto garantizar a todos los niños, niñas y adolescentes que se encuentren en el territorio nacional el ejercicio y el disfrute pleno y efectivo de sus derechos fundamentales
Trinidad and Tobago 2012 Children Act (2012). n.d.
Uruguay 2004 Law N 17823 Code of Childhood and Adolescence (2004) Regulatory Decree 475/2006 Every child and adolescent enjoys the inherent rights of the human person. Such rights shall be exercised according to the evolution of their faculties, and in the manner established by the Constitution of the Republic, international instruments
Venezuela (Bol. Rep. of) 2000 Organic Law for the Protection of Children and Adolescents (LOPNA) (2000) Esta Ley tiene por objeto garantizar a todos los niños y adolescentes, que se encuentren en el territorio nacional, el ejercicio y el disfrute pleno y efectivo de sus derechos y garantías, a través de la protección integral que el Estado, la sociedad y la familia


 

 

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), based on official information reported by governments of the region.

Metadata
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), based on official information reported by governments of the region.
Gráfico
Descargas
No hay archivos disponibles.

 

Follow ECLAC

Strategic partners
Subscription
Get updates by email

Subscribe
© ECLAC - United Nations