Last Update: October 2021
Institutional Framework Database for Social Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Jamaica

 

 

Legal and regulatory dimension
Adherence, signing, and ratification of covenants, conventions, and agreements related to economic, social, and cultural rights
Ratified/Adhered to     Signed     Without Signature / Ratification
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racism Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women Convention on the Rights of the Child International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean
3 October 1975 4 June 1971 30 March 2007 19 October 1984 14 May 1991 25 September 2008 13 July 2024
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The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol are the international instruments for the Universal Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulate the protection of economic, social, and cultural rights. The Covenant was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2200 A (XXI) on December 16th, 1966 and became effective in 1976.

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The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racism is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations, explicitly directed towards the elimination of any kind of racial discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2106 (XX) on December 21st, 1965 and became effective in 1969.

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The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of human rights for persons with disabilities, explicitly mentioning a social development perspective. In this Convention a broad classification of persons with disabilities are considered, and it reaffirms that all people with all kinds of disabilities should be able to enjoy all their fundamental human rights and liberties. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 13th, 2006.

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The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of women. It defines acts that constitute discrimination against women and describes the nature of State obligations through laws, public policy, and programs that the State should develop to eliminate discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1979.

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The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that recognizes the articulated rights of the child on the basis of four fundamental principles: no discrimination, best interests of the child, the right to life, livelihood and development, and the respect of the child’s opinion. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on November 20th, 1989.

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The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of migrant persons and their families, regardless of their migration status. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1990.

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The Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that advises governments in assuming responsibility for developing, with the participation of indigenous populations, a coordinated and systematic action plan with the aim of protecting the rights of these populations and guaranteeing the respect of their integrity. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on June 27th, 1989.

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Constitutional Mention of Sectoral Topics
Explicit Mention      Indirect/Implicit Mention     Does not mention

Year of Latest Observed Constitution

Social Housing

Work and Social Security

Public Health

Public Education

Social Development

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Women

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Afrodecendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

1962
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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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El último texto constitucional revisado para este país, no presenta menciones explícitas o indirectas de este tema sectorial en particular.

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Specific national laws
Law present      Official information not available
 

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Women

Peoples with Disabilites

Afrodescendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

Public Education

Work and Social Security

Social Housing

Public Health

Social Development

 
Legal Instrument Ley de protección y cuidado del niño Ley de Juventud n.d. n.d. Ley de Discapacidad n.d. The Immigration Restriction (CommonWealth Citizens) Act (1945) Ley General de Educación Ley de Seguridad Social Ley Nacional de Vivienda Ley General de Salud n.d.
  Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law

 

 

 

Organizational dimension
Main authority for intersectoral coordination

 

Country Jamaica
Main authority Social Development Commission
Year of creation 1965
Coordinating authority Ministro de Gobierno Local y Desarrollo Rural
Members
 
Main authority devoted to social development

 

Country Jamaica
Main authority Ministry of Labour and Social Security
Year of creation 2000
Mission To promote a responsive labour market and deliver effective social protection programmes for the vulnerable in an efficient manner while promoting a national culture of productivity within the decent work agenda. Its main mandates are: to provide effective social protection and promote social inclusion; Promote a stable industrial relations climate; promote productivity growth; ensure safety and health of workers; maintain an effective and efficient labour market.
Incumbent Pearnel Charles Jr. (2023)

 

 

 

Institutions protecting certain population segments
Official information not available
Population segment

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Women

Migrants

Main protection mechanism The Early Childhood Commission Ministerio de Cultura, Género, Entretención y Deporte National Council for the Aged Ministry of Culture, Gender, Entertainment and Sport (Office of the Prime Minister Bureau of Women’s Affairs) Passport, Immigration and Citizenship Agency (PICA)
Legal Instrument Child Care and Protection Act (2005) The Immigration Restriction (CommonWealth Citizens) Act (1945)

 

 

 

Technical-operational dimension
Management, planning, evaluation, and transparency tools for social programmes
Tool present   Tool not present 



Main Social Protection Actor (Presence and Hierarchy)

Technical-operational dimension
Unique Registry of Participants Sistema Integrado de Administración Financiera /b Sectoral Plan for Social Development Transparence - system for accessing public information from the State

Integrated Social Information System

Evaluation mechanisms for social programs

General

Sectorial

General

Sectorial

Ministry of Labour and Social Security
                 

 

 

 

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