Last Update: December 2017
Institutional Framework Database for Social Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Haiti

 

 

Legal and regulatory dimension
Adherence, signing, and ratification of covenants, conventions, and agreements related to economic, social, and cultural rights
Ratified/Adhered to     Signed     Without Signature / Ratification
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racism Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women Convention on the Rights of the Child International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean
08-October-2013 19-December-1972 23-July-2009 20-July-1981 08-June-1995 05-December-2013
View details View details View details View details View details View details View details
close

The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol are the international instruments for the Universal Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulate the protection of economic, social, and cultural rights. The Covenant was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2200 A (XXI) on December 16th, 1966 and became effective in 1976.

Ver ratificaciones por país    EN    FR
close

The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racism is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations, explicitly directed towards the elimination of any kind of racial discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2106 (XX) on December 21st, 1965 and became effective in 1969.

Ver ratificaciones por país    EN    FR
close

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of human rights for persons with disabilities, explicitly mentioning a social development perspective. In this Convention a broad classification of persons with disabilities are considered, and it reaffirms that all people with all kinds of disabilities should be able to enjoy all their fundamental human rights and liberties. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 13th, 2006.

Ver ratificaciones por país    EN    FR
close

The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of women. It defines acts that constitute discrimination against women and describes the nature of State obligations through laws, public policy, and programs that the State should develop to eliminate discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1979.

Ver ratificaciones por país    EN    FR
close

The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that recognizes the articulated rights of the child on the basis of four fundamental principles: no discrimination, best interests of the child, the right to life, livelihood and development, and the respect of the child’s opinion. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on November 20th, 1989.

Ver ratificaciones por país    EN    FR
close

The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of migrant persons and their families, regardless of their migration status. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1990.

Ver ratificaciones por país    EN    FR
close

The Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that advises governments in assuming responsibility for developing, with the participation of indigenous populations, a coordinated and systematic action plan with the aim of protecting the rights of these populations and guaranteeing the respect of their integrity. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on June 27th, 1989.

Ver ratificaciones por país    EN    FR

 

 

 

Constitutional Mention of Sectoral Topics
Explicit Mention      Indirect/Implicit Mention     Does not mention

Year of Latest Observed Constitution

Social Housing

Work and Social Security

Public Health

Public Education

Social Development

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Women

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Afrodecendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

1987
  View details View details View details View details View details View details View details View details View details View details View details View details
close

ARTICLE 22: L'Etat reconnaît le droit de tout citoyen à un logement décent, à l'éducation, à l'alimentation et à la sécurité sociale.

View law
close

ARTICLE 22: L'Etat reconnaît le droit de tout citoyen à un logement décent, à l'éducation, à l'alimentation et à la sécurité sociale.

View law
close

ARTICLE 19: L'Etat a l'impérieuse obligation de garantir le droit à la vie, à la santé, au respect de la personne humaine, à tous les citoyens sans distinction, conformément à la Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l'Homme.

View law
close

ARTICLE 32: L'Etat garantit le droit à l'éducation. Il veille à la formation physique, intellectuelle, morale, professionnelle, sociale et civique de la population.

View law
close

The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

View law
close

ARTICLE 261: La Loi assure la protection à tous les Enfants. Tout enfant a droit à l'amour, à l'affection, à la compréhension et aux soins moraux et matériels de son père et de sa mère.

View law
close

The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

View law
close

The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

View law
close

The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

View law
close

ARTICLE 32.8: L'Etat garantit aux handicapés et aux surdoués des moyens pour assurer leur autonomie, leur éducation, leur indépendance.

View law
close

The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

View law
close

Artículo 54: Los extranjeros que se encuentren en el territorio de la República gozarán de la misma protección que la otorgada a los haitianos, de conformidad con la ley.
(original) ARTICLE 54: Les étrangers qui se trouvent sur le territoire de la République bénéficient de la même protection que celle qui est accordée aux haïtiens, conformément à la loi.

ARTICLE 54: L'étranger jouit des droits civils, des droits économiques et sociaux sous la réserve des dispositions légales relatives au droit de propriété immobilière, à l'exercice des professions, au commerce de gros, à la représentation commerciale et aux opérations d'importation et d'exportation.

View law

 

 

 

Specific national laws
Law present      Official information not available
 

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Women

Peoples with Disabilites

Afrodescendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

Public Education

Work and Social Security

Social Housing

Public Health

Social Development

 
Legal Instrument n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. Codigo de Trabajo n.d. n.d. n.d.
  Law

 

 

 

Organizational dimension
Main authority for intersectoral coordination

 

Country Haiti
Main authority National Commission for the Fight against Hunger and Malnutrition
Year of creation 2012
Coordinating authority First Lady of the Republic
Members Ministry of Planning and External Cooperation; Ministry of the Interior and Territorial Collectives; Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cultures; Culture Ministry; Ministry of Haitians Abroad; Minister delegated to the Prime Minister responsible for electoral affairs; Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor; Ministry of Public Health and Population; Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development; Ministry of Communications; Ministry of Economy and Finance; Ministry of Defence; Ministry of Trade and Industry; Ministry of the Status and Rights of Women; Ministry of Education and Vocational Training; Ministry of Sports; Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Communications; Ministry of Justice and Public Security; Ministry of Environment; Ministry of Tourism and Creative Industries, and Minister delegated to the Prime Minister in charge of the Government's social programs and projects.

* Para el caso de Haití, se cuenta con información oficial con respecto a la creación de la Comisión Nacional de Lucha contra el Hambre y la Malnutrición en el año 2012, en aquel momento liderada por la Primera Dama de la República.
Para el año 2017 esta instancia se encuentra inactiva, pero actualmente no se dispone de información oficial donde se establezca una disolución formal de dicha entidad y/o la creación de nuevas instancias.

 
Main authority devoted to social development

 

Country Haiti
Main authority Ministry of Social and Labor Affairs
Year of creation 1983
Mission To define and implement the Government's social policy; to guarantee the protection of workers in the formal and informal sectors of the economy and improve living and working conditions; establish, on the basis of national solidarity, an adequate social security regime against physical, economic, social and other risks; lead the fight against hunger, malnutrition, unemployment and indigence; create, authorize, promote and supervise social assistance works, both public and private.
Incumbent Élise Gélin (2018)

 

 

 

Institutions protecting certain population segments
Official information not available
Population segment

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Women

Migrants

Main protection mechanism Ministerio de la Condición Femenina y los Derechos de las Mujeres
Legal Instrument

 

 

 

Technical-operational dimension
Management, planning, evaluation, and transparency tools for social programmes
Tool present   Tool not present 



Main Social Protection Actor (Presence and Hierarchy)

Technical-operational dimension
Unique Registry of Participants Sistema Integrado de Administración Financiera /b Sectoral Plan for Social Development Transparence - system for accessing public information from the State

Integrated Social Information System

Evaluation mechanisms for social programs

General

Sectorial

General

Sectorial

Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor
                 

 

 

 

Follow ECLAC

Strategic partners
Subscription
Get updates by email

Subscribe
© ECLAC - United Nations