Last Update: October 2021
Institutional Framework Database for Social Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Ecuador

 

 

Legal and regulatory dimension
Adherence, signing, and ratification of covenants, conventions, and agreements related to economic, social, and cultural rights
Ratified/Adhered to     Signed     Without Signature / Ratification
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racism Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women Convention on the Rights of the Child International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean
6 March 1969 22 September 1966 3 April 2008 9 November 1981 23 March 1990 5 February 2002 26 October 1994
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The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol are the international instruments for the Universal Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulate the protection of economic, social, and cultural rights. The Covenant was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2200 A (XXI) on December 16th, 1966 and became effective in 1976.

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The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racism is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations, explicitly directed towards the elimination of any kind of racial discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2106 (XX) on December 21st, 1965 and became effective in 1969.

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The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of human rights for persons with disabilities, explicitly mentioning a social development perspective. In this Convention a broad classification of persons with disabilities are considered, and it reaffirms that all people with all kinds of disabilities should be able to enjoy all their fundamental human rights and liberties. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 13th, 2006.

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The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of women. It defines acts that constitute discrimination against women and describes the nature of State obligations through laws, public policy, and programs that the State should develop to eliminate discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1979.

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The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that recognizes the articulated rights of the child on the basis of four fundamental principles: no discrimination, best interests of the child, the right to life, livelihood and development, and the respect of the child’s opinion. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on November 20th, 1989.

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The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of migrant persons and their families, regardless of their migration status. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1990.

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The Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that advises governments in assuming responsibility for developing, with the participation of indigenous populations, a coordinated and systematic action plan with the aim of protecting the rights of these populations and guaranteeing the respect of their integrity. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on June 27th, 1989.

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Constitutional Mention of Sectoral Topics
Explicit Mention      Indirect/Implicit Mention     Does not mention

Year of Latest Observed Constitution

Social Housing

Work and Social Security

Public Health

Public Education

Social Development

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Women

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Afrodecendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

2008
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Art. 30.- Las personas tienen derecho a un hábitat seguro y saludable, y a una vivienda adecuada y digna, con independencia de su situación social y económica

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Art. 33.- El trabajo es un derecho y un deber social, y un derecho económico, fuente de realización personal y base de la economía. El Estado garantizará a las personas trabajadoras el pleno respeto a su dignidad. Art. 34.- EI derecho a la seguridad social es un derecho irrenunciable de todas las personas, y será deber y responsabilidad primordial del Estado

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Art. 32.- La salud es un derecho que garantiza el Estado, cuya realización se vincula al ejercicio de otros derechos, entre ellos el derecho al agua, la alimentación, la educación, la cultura física, el trabajo, la seguridad social, los ambientes sanos y otros que sustentan el buen vivir.

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Art. 26.- La educación es un derecho de las personas a lo largo de su vida y un deber ineludible e inexcusable del Estado.

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Art. 264 .- Los gobiernos municipales tendrán las siguientes competencias exclusivas sin perjuicio de otras que determine la ley: 7. Planificar, construir y mantener la infraestructura física y los equipamientos de salud y educación, así como los espacios públicos destinados al desarrollo social, cultural y deportivo, de acuerdo con la ley.

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Art. 44.- El Estado, la sociedad y la familia promoverán de forma prioritaria el desarrollo integral de las niñas, niños y adolescentes, y asegurarán el ejercicio pleno de sus derechos;

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Art. 39.- El Estado garantizará los derechos de las jóvenes y los jóvenes, y promoverá su efectivo ejercicio a través de políticas y programas, instituciones y recursos que aseguren y mantengan de modo permanente su participación e inclusión en todos los ámbitos, en particular en los espacios del poder público.

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Art. 43.- El Estado garantizará a las mujeres embarazadas y en periodo de lactancia los derechos a: 1. No ser discriminadas por su embarazo en los ámbitos educativo, social y laboral. 2. La gratuidad de los servicios de salud materna. 3. La protección prioritaria y cuidado de su salud integral y de su vida durante el embarazo, parto y posparto. 4. Disponer de las facilidades necesarias para su recuperación después del embarazo y durante el periodo de lactancia.

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Art. 36.- Las personas adultas Mayres recibirán atención prioritaria y especializada en los ámbitos público y privado, en especial en los campos de inclusión social y económica, y protección contra la violencia.

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Art. 47.- El Estado garantizará políticas de prevención de las discapacidades y, de manera conjunta con la sociedad y la familia, procurará la equiparación de oportunidades para las personas con discapacidad y su integración social.

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Art. 57.- Se reconoce y garantizará a las comunas, comunidades, pueblos y nacionalidades indígenas, de conformidad con la Constitución y con los pactos, convenios, declaraciones y demás instrumentos internacionales de derechos humanos, los siguientes derechos colectivos: 1. Mantener, desarrollar y fortalecer libremente su identidad, sentido de pertenencia, tradiciones ancestrales y formas de organización social. 2. No ser objeto de racismo y de ninguna forma de discriminación fundada en su origen, identidad étnica o cultural. 3. El reconocimiento, reparación y resarcimiento a las colectividades afectadas por racismo, xenofobia y otras formas conexas de intolerancia y discriminación

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Articulo 416.- Exige el respeto de los derechos humanos, en particular de los derechos de las personas migrantes, y propicia su pleno ejercicio mediante el cumplimiento de las obligaciones asumidas con la suscripción de instrumentos internacionales de derechos humanos.

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Specific national laws
Law present      Official information not available
 

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Women

Peoples with Disabilites

Afrodescendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

Public Education

Work and Social Security

Social Housing

Public Health

Social Development

 
Legal Instrument Codigo de la Niñez y Adolescencia Ley de Juventud Ley del Anciano Ley Contra la Violencia a la Mujer y a la Familia Ley General de la Persona con Discapacidad Ley 275 de 2006 – Derechos Colectivos de los Pueblos Negros o Afroecuatorianos. Decreto Ejecutivo Nº 60 (2009): aprueba el Plan Plurinacional para Eliminar la Discriminación Racial y la Exclusión Étnica y Cultural. Ley Orgánica de Movilidad Humana, 31 de January de 2017 Ley de Educación Ley de Seguridad Social Ley Orgánica de Gestión del Hábitat, Suelo y Vivienda Ley Orgánica de Salud Pública n.d.
  Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law

 

 

 

Organizational dimension
Main authority for intersectoral coordination

 

Country Ecuador
Main authority Sectoral Council for Social Development Policies
Year of creation 2008
Coordinating authority Minister of Social Development Coordination
Members Vice-Presidency; Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Aquaculture and Fisheries; Ministry of Labor Relations; National Council for Training and Vocational Training; Ecuadorian Professional Training Service; Ecuadorian Institute of Educational Credit and Scholarships; Technical Secretariat of the Ecuador Plan; National Secretariat of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation; public enterprises; National Secretariat of the Migrant; National Micro Finance Program; Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion; Ministry of Education; Ministry of Public Health; Ministry of Sport, and Ministry of Urban Development and Housing.
 
Main authority devoted to social development

 

Country Ecuador
Main authority Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion
Year of creation 2007
Mission Be the regional and national reference in the definition and execution of economic and social inclusion policies, contributing to the overcoming of inequality gaps; through the joint construction of a good quality of life for the Ecuadorian population. To this end, the Ministry's mission is to define and execute policies, strategies, plans, programs, projects and quality services that are executed with care, for economic and social inclusion. That is to be done with emphasis on the priority attention groups and the population that is in situation of poverty and vulnerability, promoting development and care during the life cycle, upward social mobility and strengthening the popular and solidary economy. The management of the Institution will be based on the following values: Integrity; Transparency; Warmth; Solidarity; Collaboration; Effectiveness; Respect; Responsibility and Democratic leadership
Incumbent Vicente Andres Taiano Gonzalez (2020)

 

 

 

Institutions protecting certain population segments
Official information not available
Population segment

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Women

Migrants

Main protection mechanism MIES - Instituto de la Niñez y la Familia (INFA) MIES - Dirección Nacional de la Juventud y Adolescencia Consejo Nacional para la Igualdad Intergeneracional (CNII) Consejo Nacional de Igualdad de Discapacidades (CONADIS) Consejo Nacional para la Igualdad de Género Comandancia General de Polícia/Dirección nacional de Migración
Legal Instrument Código de la Niñez y Adolescencia, Ley 100 (2003) Ley de Juventud Ley del Anciano Ley orgánica de discapacidades Ley Orgánica de Movilidad Humana, 31 de enero de 2017

 

 

 

Technical-operational dimension
Management, planning, evaluation, and transparency tools for social programmes
Tool present   Tool not present 



Main Social Protection Actor (Presence and Hierarchy)

Technical-operational dimension
Unique Registry of Participants Sistema Integrado de Administración Financiera /b Sectoral Plan for Social Development Transparence - system for accessing public information from the State

Integrated Social Information System

Evaluation mechanisms for social programs

General

Sectorial

General

Sectorial

Coordinating Ministry of Social Development
                 

 

 

 

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