Last Update: December 2017
Institutional Framework Database for Social Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Costa Rica

 

 

Legal and regulatory dimension
Adherence, signing, and ratification of covenants, conventions, and agreements related to economic, social, and cultural rights
Ratified/Adhered to     Signed     Without Signature / Ratification
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racism Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women Convention on the Rights of the Child International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean
29-November-1968 16-January-1967 01-October-2008 04-April-1986 21-August-1990 15-March-1996
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The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol are the international instruments for the Universal Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulate the protection of economic, social, and cultural rights. The Covenant was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2200 A (XXI) on December 16th, 1966 and became effective in 1976.

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The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racism is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations, explicitly directed towards the elimination of any kind of racial discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2106 (XX) on December 21st, 1965 and became effective in 1969.

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The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of human rights for persons with disabilities, explicitly mentioning a social development perspective. In this Convention a broad classification of persons with disabilities are considered, and it reaffirms that all people with all kinds of disabilities should be able to enjoy all their fundamental human rights and liberties. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 13th, 2006.

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The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of women. It defines acts that constitute discrimination against women and describes the nature of State obligations through laws, public policy, and programs that the State should develop to eliminate discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1979.

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The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that recognizes the articulated rights of the child on the basis of four fundamental principles: no discrimination, best interests of the child, the right to life, livelihood and development, and the respect of the child’s opinion. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on November 20th, 1989.

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The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of migrant persons and their families, regardless of their migration status. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1990.

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The Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that advises governments in assuming responsibility for developing, with the participation of indigenous populations, a coordinated and systematic action plan with the aim of protecting the rights of these populations and guaranteeing the respect of their integrity. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on June 27th, 1989.

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Constitutional Mention of Sectoral Topics
Explicit Mention      Indirect/Implicit Mention     Does not mention

Year of Latest Observed Constitution

Social Housing

Work and Social Security

Public Health

Public Education

Social Development

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Women

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Afrodecendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

1949
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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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Artículo 78.- La educación preescolar y la general básica son obligatorias. Est." y la educación diversificada en el sistema público son gratuitas y costeadas por la Nación. En la educación estat.-u, incluida la superior, el gasto público no será inferior al seis por ciento (6%) anual del producto interno bruto, de acuerdo con la ley, sin perjuicio de lo establecido en los artículos 84 y 85 de esta Constitución.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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Artículo 51.- La familia, como elemento natural y fundamento de la sociedad, tiene derecho a la protección especial del Estado. Igualmente tendrán derecho a esa protección la madre, el niño, el anciano y el enfermo desvalido.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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Artículo 71.- Las leyes darán protección especial a las mujeres y a los menores de edad en su trabajo.

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Artículo 51.- La familia, como elemento natural y fundamento de la sociedad, tiene derecho a la protección especial del Estado. Igualmente tendrán derecho a esa protección la madre, el niño, el anciano y el enfermo desvalido.

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Artículo 51.- La familia, como elemento natural y fundamento de la sociedad, tiene derecho a la protección especial del Estado. Igualmente tendrán derecho a esa protección la madre, el niño, el anciano y el enfermo desvalido.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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Articulo 19.- Los extranjeros tienen los mismos deberes y derechos individuales y sociales que los costarricenses

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Specific national laws
Law present      Official information not available
 

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Women

Peoples with Disabilites

Afrodescendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

Public Education

Work and Social Security

Social Housing

Public Health

Social Development

 
Legal Instrument Código de la Infancia y la Adolescencia Ley General de la Persona Joven (Ley núm. 8261) Ley Integral para la Persona Adulta Mayr Ley de promoción de la igualdad social de la mujer Ley de igualdad de oportunidades para las personas con discapacidad Ley 2694 de 1970 - Ley Anti-Discriminación. Ley Nº 8764, Ley General de Migración y Extranjería, 2009 Ley Fundamental de Educación Codigo de Trabajo Ley de Vivienda No.7052 Ley General de Salud Ley de Desarrollo Social y Asignaciones Familiares
  Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law

 

 

 

Organizational dimension
Main authority for intersectoral coordination

 

Country Costa Rica
Main authority Presidential Social Council
Year of creation 2014
Coordinating authority Vice-President of the Republic
Members Second Vice-Presidency of the Republic, Ministers of the Presidency, Ministry of Labor and Social Security, Ministry of Public Education, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Culture and Youth, Ministry of Housing and Human Settlements and the executive presidents of the National Institute of Women, the Joint Institute of Social Assistance and the Costa Rican Institute of Sport and Recreation.
 
Main authority devoted to social development

 

Country Costa Rica
Main authority Ministry of Human Development and Social Inclusion / Mixed Institute of Social Assistance (IMAS)
Year of creation 2010
Mission To be the leading institution in the country in overcoming poverty, which effectively articulates the efforts of society for that purpose, on the base of their knowledge of the issue and institutional values. For this, the Ministry's mission is to promote dignified living conditions and the social development of people, families and communities in a situation of poverty or risk and social vulnerability, with an emphasis on people in extreme poverty; providing them with opportunities, services and resources, based on knowledge of the real needs of the target population, with a focus on rights, gender equity and territoriality; with the active participation of different social actors and with transparency, and a spirit of service and solidarity. As the leading institution in the country in overcoming poverty, it effectively articulates the efforts of society, based on its knowledge of the subject and institutional values. The management of the Institution will be based on the following values: justice and solidarity; teamwork; excellence; service; transparency.
Incumbent Juan Luis Bermúdez (2019)

 

 

 

Institutions protecting certain population segments
Official information not available
Population segment

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Women

Migrants

Main protection mechanism Consejo Nacional de la Niñez y la Adolescencia Viceministerio de Juventud Consejo Nacional para el Adulto Mayor Consejo Nacional de las Personas con Discapacidad(CONAPDIS) Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería
Legal Instrument Ley 7739 Código de la Niñez y la Adolescencia (1998) Decreto 33028 (2006) por el que se dicta el Reglamento al Consejo Nacional de la Niñez y la Adolescencia Decreto Nº 35876-S (2009) Lineamiento para el sector social y lucha contra la pobreza: implementación de los subsistemas locales de protección a la niñez y la adolescencia en las once comunidades prioritarias Ley General de la Persona Joven (Ley núm. 8261) Ley Integral para la Persona Adulta Mayor (Ley No. 7935) Ley 5.347 por la cual se crea en 1973 el Consejo Nacional de Rehabilitación y Educación Especial Ley Nº 8764, Ley General de Migración y Extranjería, 2009

 

 

 

Technical-operational dimension
Management, planning, evaluation, and transparency tools for social programmes
Tool present   Tool not present 



Main Social Protection Actor (Presence and Hierarchy)

Technical-operational dimension
Unique Registry of Participants Sistema Integrado de Administración Financiera /b Sectoral Plan for Social Development Transparence - system for accessing public information from the State

Integrated Social Information System

Evaluation mechanisms for social programs

General

Sectorial

General

Sectorial

Mixed Social Aid Institute
                 

 

 

 

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