Last Update: December 2017
Institutional Framework Database for Social Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Chile

 

 

Legal and regulatory dimension
Adherence, signing, and ratification of covenants, conventions, and agreements related to economic, social, and cultural rights
Ratified/Adhered to     Signed     Without Signature / Ratification
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racism Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women Convention on the Rights of the Child International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean
10-February-1972 20-October-1971 29-July-2008 07-December-1989 13-August-1990 21-March-2005 31-October-1995
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The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol are the international instruments for the Universal Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulate the protection of economic, social, and cultural rights. The Covenant was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2200 A (XXI) on December 16th, 1966 and became effective in 1976.

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The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racism is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations, explicitly directed towards the elimination of any kind of racial discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2106 (XX) on December 21st, 1965 and became effective in 1969.

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The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of human rights for persons with disabilities, explicitly mentioning a social development perspective. In this Convention a broad classification of persons with disabilities are considered, and it reaffirms that all people with all kinds of disabilities should be able to enjoy all their fundamental human rights and liberties. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 13th, 2006.

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The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of women. It defines acts that constitute discrimination against women and describes the nature of State obligations through laws, public policy, and programs that the State should develop to eliminate discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1979.

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The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that recognizes the articulated rights of the child on the basis of four fundamental principles: no discrimination, best interests of the child, the right to life, livelihood and development, and the respect of the child’s opinion. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on November 20th, 1989.

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The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of migrant persons and their families, regardless of their migration status. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1990.

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The Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that advises governments in assuming responsibility for developing, with the participation of indigenous populations, a coordinated and systematic action plan with the aim of protecting the rights of these populations and guaranteeing the respect of their integrity. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on June 27th, 1989.

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Constitutional Mention of Sectoral Topics
Explicit Mention      Indirect/Implicit Mention     Does not mention

Year of Latest Observed Constitution

Social Housing

Work and Social Security

Public Health

Public Education

Social Development

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Women

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Afrodecendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

1980
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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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18º El derecho a la seguridad social. Las leyes que regulen el ejercicio de este derecho serán de quórum calificado. La acción del Estado estará dirigida a garantiza r el acceso de todos los habitantes al goce de prestaciones básicas uniformes, sea que se otorguen a través de instituciones públicas o privadas. La ley podrá establecer cotizaciones obligatorias.

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9º El derecho a la protección de la salud. El Estado prot ege el libre e igualitario acceso a las acciones de promoción, protección y recuperación de la salud y de rehabilitación del individuo. Le corresponderá, asimismo, la coordinación y control de las acciones relacionadas con la salud

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10º El derecho a la educación. La educación tiene por objeto el pleno desarrollo de la persona en las distintas etapas de su vida. Los padres tienen el derecho preferente y el deber de educar a sus hijos. Corresponderá al Estado otorgar especial protección al ejercicio de este derecho

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La administración superior de cada región radicará en un gobierno regional que tendrá por objeto el desarrollo social, cultural y económico de la región.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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El último texto constitucional revisado para este país, no presenta menciones explícitas o indirectas de este tema sectorial en particular.

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Specific national laws
Law present      Official information not available
 

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Women

Peoples with Disabilites

Afrodescendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

Public Education

Work and Social Security

Social Housing

Public Health

Social Development

 
Legal Instrument Ley de Menores Ley núm. 19042 LEY NUM. 19.828 Ley contra la discriminación a la mujer Ley sobre Igualdad de Oportunidades e Inclusión Social de Personas con Discapacidad Ley 19253 - Normas sobre proteccion, fomento y desarrollo de los indigenas, y crea la corporacion nacional de desarrollo indigena Decreto de Ley Nº 597: 'Nuevo Reglamento de Extranjería' (1984) Ley General de Educación Ley General de Seguridad Social Ley General de Urbanismo y Construcciones Ley General de Salud n.d.
  Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law

 

 

 

Organizational dimension
Main authority for intersectoral coordination

 

Country Chile
Main authority Interministerial Committee of Social Development
Year of creation 2011
Coordinating authority Minister of Social Development
Members Treasury; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Sport; Ministry of Housing and Urbanism; National Women's Service; Undersecretariat of Social Evaluation; Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare, and Ministry of Education .; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Sport; Ministry of Housing and Urbanism; National Women's Service (Sernam); Undersecretariat of Social Evaluation; Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare; Ministry of Education
 
Main authority devoted to social development

 

Country Chile
Main authority Ministry of Social Development and the Family
Year of creation 2011
Mission To contribute to the design and application of social development policies, plans and programs, especially those aimed at eradicating poverty and providing social protection to vulnerable people, promoting mobility and social inclusion. Likewise, it must ensure the coordination, consistency and coherence of the policies, plans and programs in the area of social development, at the national and regional levels and evaluate the pre-investment studies of projects that request financing from the State to determine their social profitability, so that they respond to the strategies and policies of growth and economic and social development that are determined for the country.
Incumbent Sebastián Sichel Ramírez (2019)

 

 

 

Institutions protecting certain population segments
Official information not available
Population segment

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Women

Migrants

Main protection mechanism Consejo Nacional de la Infancia Instituto Nacional de la Juventud (INJUV) Servicio Nacional del Adulto Mayor Servicio Nacional de la Discapacidad (SENADIS) Ministerio de la Mujer y la Equidad de Género Departamento de Extranjería y Migración
Legal Instrument Decreto Ley 2.465 Ministerio de Justicia. Crea el Servicio Nacional de Menores (SENAME) Ley 20.032 Establece Sistema de Atención a la Niñez y Adolescencia Ley núm. 19042 Ley Num. 19.828, creación del SENAMA Ley 20.422 que establece normas sobre igualdad de oportunidades e inclusión social de personas con discapacidad Decreto de Ley Nº 597: 'Nuevo Reglamento de Extranjería' (1984)

 

 

 

Technical-operational dimension
Management, planning, evaluation, and transparency tools for social programmes
Tool present   Tool not present 



Main Social Protection Actor (Presence and Hierarchy)

Technical-operational dimension
Unique Registry of Participants Sistema Integrado de Administración Financiera /b Sectoral Plan for Social Development Transparence - system for accessing public information from the State

Integrated Social Information System

Evaluation mechanisms for social programs

General

Sectorial

General

Sectorial

Ministry of Social Development and the Family
                 

 

 

 

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