Last Update: December 2017
Institutional Framework Database for Social Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Brazil

 

 

Legal and regulatory dimension
Adherence, signing, and ratification of covenants, conventions, and agreements related to economic, social, and cultural rights
Ratified/Adhered to     Signed     Without Signature / Ratification
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racism Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women Convention on the Rights of the Child International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean
24-January-1992 27-March-1968 01-August-2008 01-February-1984 24-September-1990 17-June-1998
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The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol are the international instruments for the Universal Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulate the protection of economic, social, and cultural rights. The Covenant was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2200 A (XXI) on December 16th, 1966 and became effective in 1976.

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The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racism is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations, explicitly directed towards the elimination of any kind of racial discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly with resolution 2106 (XX) on December 21st, 1965 and became effective in 1969.

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The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of human rights for persons with disabilities, explicitly mentioning a social development perspective. In this Convention a broad classification of persons with disabilities are considered, and it reaffirms that all people with all kinds of disabilities should be able to enjoy all their fundamental human rights and liberties. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 13th, 2006.

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The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women is the international instrument of the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of women. It defines acts that constitute discrimination against women and describes the nature of State obligations through laws, public policy, and programs that the State should develop to eliminate discrimination. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1979.

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The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that recognizes the articulated rights of the child on the basis of four fundamental principles: no discrimination, best interests of the child, the right to life, livelihood and development, and the respect of the child’s opinion. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on November 20th, 1989.

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The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that regulates the protection of rights of migrant persons and their families, regardless of their migration status. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 18th, 1990.

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The Constituent Agreement of the Development Fund for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America and the Caribbean is the international instrument used by the Universal System for the Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations that advises governments in assuming responsibility for developing, with the participation of indigenous populations, a coordinated and systematic action plan with the aim of protecting the rights of these populations and guaranteeing the respect of their integrity. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on June 27th, 1989.

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Constitutional Mention of Sectoral Topics
Explicit Mention      Indirect/Implicit Mention     Does not mention

Year of Latest Observed Constitution

Social Housing

Work and Social Security

Public Health

Public Education

Social Development

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Women

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Afrodecendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

1988
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The latest constitutional text revised for this country does not present any explicit on indirect mentions for this sectoral topic in particular.

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Art. 6. Son derechos sociales la educación, la salud, el trabajo, el descanso, la seguridad, la previsión social, la proyección de la maternidad.

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Art. 196. La salud es un derecho de todos y un deber del Estado, garantizado mediante políticas sociales y económicas que tiendan a la reducción del riesgo de enfermedad y de otros riesgos y al acceso universal e igualitario a las acciones y servicios para su promoción, protección y recuperación.

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Art. 205. La educación, derecho de todos y deber del Estado y de la familia, será promovida e incentivada con la colaboración de la sociedad, tendiendo al pleno desarrollo de la persona, a su preparación para el ejercicio de la ciudadanía y a su calificación para el trabajo.

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Art. 180. La Unión, los Estados, el Distrito Federal y los Municipios promoverán e incentivarán el turismo como factor de desarrollo social y económico.

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a proteção à família, à maternidade, à infância, à adolescência e à velhice;

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a proteção à família, à maternidade, à infância, à adolescência e à velhice;

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20. la protección del mercado de trabajo de la mujer mediante incentivos específicos, en los términos de la ley;

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a proteção à família, à maternidade, à infância, à adolescência e à velhice;

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É competência comum da União, dos Estados, do Distrito Federal e dos Municípios, cuidar da saúde e assistência pública, da proteção e garantia das pessoas portadoras de deficiência

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Capítulo VIII : Dos Índios Art. 231. São reconhecidos aos índios sua organização social, costumes, línguas, crenças e tradições, e os direitos originários sobre as terras que tradicionalmente ocupam, competindo à União demarcá-las, proteger e fazer respeitar todos os seus bens.

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Art. 5. Todos son iguales ante la ley, sin distinción de cualquier naturaliza, garantizándose a los brasileños y a los extranjeros residentes en el País la inviolabilidad del derecho a la vida, a la libertad, a la igualdad, a la seguridad y a la prioridad, en los siguientes términos:

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Specific national laws
Law present      Official information not available
 

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Women

Peoples with Disabilites

Afrodescendants and Indigenous Peoples

Migrants

Public Education

Work and Social Security

Social Housing

Public Health

Social Development

 
Legal Instrument Ley Estatuto del Nino y del Adolescente Ley Estatuto de Juventud Ley Estatuto del Adulto Mayr La Ley 11.340 Maria da Penha (2006) de Brasil Ley Programa Nacional de Acesibilidad Ley N° 7.716/1989 o Ley Caó Lei Nº 13.445 de 24 de maio de 2017 Ley de Base de Educación Nacional Pública Ley de Protección Social Ley del Sistema Nacional de Vivienda de Interes Social Lei del Sistema Unico de Salud Ley Organica de Asistencia Social
  Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law Law

 

 

 

Organizational dimension
Main authority for intersectoral coordination

 

Country Brazil
Main authority Interministerial Group of Accompaniment of the Brazil Without Misery Plan
Year of creation 2011
Coordinating authority Minister of Social and Agrarian Development
Members Civil House of the Presidency; Treasury; Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management; Secretary General of the Presidency of the Republic; Ministry of Cities; Ministry of Labor and Employment; Ministry of Agrarian Development; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Education, and Ministry of National Integration. Presidency; The Ministry of Finance; And the Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management; Secretary General of the Presidency of the Republic; Ministry of Cities; Ministry of Labor and Employment; Ministry of Agrarian Development; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Education; And Ministry of National Integration
 
Main authority devoted to social development

 

Country Brazil
Main authority Ministry of Citizenship
Year of creation 2019
Mission The Ministry of Citizenship has the following areas of competence: national social development policy; national food and nutrition security policy; national social assistance policy; national citizenship income policy; policies on drugs, regarding: a) education, information and training for effective action to reduce the illegal use of licit and illicit drugs; b) conducting campaigns to prevent the illegal use of licit and illicit drugs; c) implementation of an integrated network for people with disorders derived from the consumption of psychoactive substances; d) evaluation and monitoring of treatments and therapeutic initiatives; e) reduction of social and health consequences derived from the misuse of licit and illicit drugs; and f) maintaining and updating the Brazilian Observatory on Drug Information; the articulation, coordination, supervision, integration and proposal of the governmental actions and the National System of Public Policies on Drugs in the aspects related to the treatment, the recovery and the social reintegration of the users and addicts of crack and other drugs; actions in favor of re-socialization and the protection of chemical dependents , without overpassing the powers of the bodies that make up the National System of Public Policies on Drugs - Sisnad; articulation between federal, state, district and municipal governments and civil society in the establishment of guidelines and in the execution of actions and programs in the areas of social development, food and nutrition security, citizenship income and social assistance; orientation, monitoring, evaluation and supervision of plans, programs and projects related to the areas of social development, food and nutrition security, citizenship income and social assistance; standardization, orientation, supervision and evaluation of the implementation of social development policies, food and nutrition security, citizenship income and social assistance; management of the National Social Assistance Fund; coordination, supervision, control and evaluation of the operationalization of income transfer programs; among other.
Incumbent Osmar Terra (2019)

 

 

 

Institutions protecting certain population segments
Official information not available
Population segment

Children and Adolescents

Youth/Young Adults

Older Persons

Persons with Disabilities

Women

Migrants

Main protection mechanism Consejo Nacional de Derechos del Niño y del Adolescente (CONANDA) Secretaria Nacional de Juventude (SNJ) Conselho Nacional dos Direitos do Idoso (CNDI) Secretaría Nacional para la Promoción de los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad y el Conselho Nacional dos Direitos da Pessao Portadora de Deficiencia (CONADE) Ministerio de Derechos Humanos - Secretaria Nacional de Políticas para las Mujeres Departamento de Migrações
Legal Instrument Estatuto del Niño y el Adolescente Ley 8069. (1990) Ley 8.242 (1991) y Decreto 5089 (2004) Creación del Consejo Nacional de Derechos del Niño y del Adolescente (CONANDA) Estatuto da Juventude (Ley núm. 12852) Lei No 10.741 (2003). Ley 7.853 sobre el apoyo a las personas con discapacidad y sobre su integración social Lei Nº 13.445 de 24 de maio de 2017

 

 

 

Technical-operational dimension
Management, planning, evaluation, and transparency tools for social programmes
Tool present   Tool not present 



Main Social Protection Actor (Presence and Hierarchy)

Technical-operational dimension
Unique Registry of Participants Sistema Integrado de Administración Financiera /b Sectoral Plan for Social Development Transparence - system for accessing public information from the State

Integrated Social Information System

Evaluation mechanisms for social programs

General

Sectorial

General

Sectorial

Ministerio de Desenvolvimiento Social
                 

 

 

 

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