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Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes Database
Latin America and the Caribbean
Programa de Erradicação do Trabalho Infantil (PETI) (1996-)



Date: 1996-
Web: Official website of the programme
Description: Conditional cash transfer programme (CCT) with emphasis on child labour. In 2005 PETI unified its services with the Bolsa Família programme, attending the non-poor households who presents child labour situations, while Bolsa Família attends households living in poverty. The monetary transfer from PETI was gradually absorbed by the Bolsa Familia and today a very limited number of families still receive it.


Target population: Non-poor households (monthly income over than BRL$170 per capita) with children under 16 years old who present child labour situations, unless the children (aged 14 or above) are working as apprentices.
Geographic scale: National
Targeting method: 1) Categorical: Households with working children age 16 and below
2) Geographic: Active search of children in child labor at the municipal level, by the Social Assistance team members, members of the CadÚnico during the registration or registry update, and by the actors of the intersectoral network of the strategic actions of PETI.
3) Direct means test
Instrument of selection: Active search by members of the Social Asistance program and information in the Single register for social programmes (CadÚnico)
Registry of recipients: Unfied registry for social programmes (CadÚnico)
Exit strategies or criteria: When household loses eligibility; maximum time of permanence in the programme: 4 years
Comments: Includes actions to support families for income generation.
In 2013-2014 the redesign of the PETI was carried out in parallel to the reordering of the Service of Coexistence and Strengthening Links (Serviço de Convivência e Fortalecimento de Vínculos - SCFV) offered in the field of social assistance, with a focus, among other publics, on children and adolescents in situaton of child labor. From then on, the public that participated in the PETI's socio-educational activities in the extended school day, came to be attended as a priority in the SCFV, along with other public that experience situations that constitute violations of rights.


Legal framework: Decree No. 458, October 2001, Decree GM / MDS No. 666 December 2005
Responsible organization(s): Ministry of Social Development and Fight Against Hunger (MDS)
Executing organization(s): System of Social Assistance (Suas)
Responsible organization(s) for the registry of recipients: The Ministry of Social Development (MDS) is the body responsible for the CadÚnico and the Caixa Econômica Federal is the body responsible for its operation.

1) Bolsa criança cidadã

Recipient(s): Children under 16 years old who present child labour situations, unless the children (aged 14 or over) are in an apprentice situation .
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Magnetic card
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Recipient of the transfer: Mother
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: Child labour: Remove all children and adolescents in paid work activities
Education: minimum attendance of 85% to the social and educational services


2) Cofinanciamiento para programa Jornada Escolar Ampliada (Co-financing system for “Extended Day“ subprogramme )

Recipient(s): Municipalities
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Description: Transfer to fund extracurricular social and educational services at municipal level.
Amount : BRL$25 for rural areas and BRL$40 for urban areas per child or adolescent enrolled.


3) Programa de Jornada Escolar Ampliada (Extended Day Subprogramme )

Recipient(s): Adolescents between age 16 and 17.
Description: To organize extracurricular activities in cultural, sporting and learning.


Use of survey design for the evaluation of social programs: the PNAD and PETI

Author: Pianto, D. and Soares, S.
Date: 2004
Publication info: Niterói, National Association of Postgraduate Centers in Economy (ANPEC), july [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation


What are the economic impacts of conditional cash transfer programmes? A systematic review of the evidence

Author: Kabeer, N., Piza, C. and Taylor, L.
Date: 2012
Publication info: Technical Report 2013, Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPICentre)
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact Evaluation


Use of Survey Design for the evaluation of social programs: The PNAD and PETI

Author: Pianto, D., and Soares, S.
Date: 2004
Publication info: Working paper of ANPEC
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation


Understanding the Brazilian success in reducing child labour: empirical evidence and policy lessons

Author: Rosati, F., Manacorda, M., Kovrova, I., Koseleci, N., and Lyon, S.
Date: 2011
Publication info: UCW Working Paper series.
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Descriptive / literature review


The Nuts and Bolts of Brazil’s Bolsa Família Program: Implementing Conditional Cash Transfers in a Decentralized Context

Author: Lindert, K., Linder, A., Hobbs, J., and de la Briere, B.
Date: 2007
Publication info: The World Bank, Social Protection Discussion Paper Series No. 0709.
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Descriptive


Inequality Evolution in Brazil: the Role of Cash Transfer Programs and Other Income Sources

Author: Scorzafave, L. G. and Carvalho de Lima, E. M.
Date: 2007
Publication info: Working paper University of Sao Paulo
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Income sources decomposition and inequality


“Limiting Child Labor through Behavior-Based Income Transfers: An Experimental Evaluation of the PETI Programme in Rural Brazil” En Child Labor and Education in Latin America: An Economic Perspective, P. Orazem, G. Sedlacek y Z. Tzannatos (eds.).

Author: Yap, Yoon-Tien, Guilherme Sedlacek, and Peter Orazem
Date: 2008
Publication info: Palgrave [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Child labour impact




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