United Nations              
Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes Database
Latin America and the Caribbean
Abrazo (Programme to progressively decrease child work in the streets) (2005-)
Paraguay

 

 

Date: 2005-
Web: Official website of the programme
Description: Programme focused on reducing child labour. It includes conditional cash transfers and other activities with minors in child labour situation and their families.
   

Characteristics

Target population: Families in extreme poverty with children in child labour.
Geographic scale: National
Targeting method: 1) Categorical: Families with children under 14 years old who are performing production, marketing or service work on the street.
2) Proxy means test: Families in a situation of poverty according to the Quality of Life Index (ICV), developed from the information recorded in the Household Card.
Instrument of selection: Beneficiary Selection Card or Household Card
Registry of recipients: Registry of Beneficiaries of the Abrazo Program, incorporated in the System of Information and Management of Beneficiaries of Social Programs (SIGBE).
Exit strategies or criteria: When the household loses eligibility. There is no time limit to stay in the programme.
Comments: The programme is based on the International Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is a social response to poverty and unemployment that push families to work on out into the streets to survive. In addition, it is based on Article 8 of the Code of Children and Adolescents, which states that poverty is not a cause of separation between the children and their families, so the State must create opportunities for those families.
Within the activities of the program, families receive periodic visits for support and verification of co-responsibilities, in which commitments and goals are established to generate a process of change.
   

Institutionality

Legal framework: Presidential Decree No. 869
Responsible organization(s): National Secretariat for Childhood and Adolescence (SNNA)
Executing organization(s): Dequeni Foundation & Jogueraja Foundation
Responsible organization(s) for the registry of recipients: National Secretariat for Childhood and Adolescence (SNNA)
Source of funding: United Nations Fund for Children (UNICEF)
   

1) Bono solidario fijo (Fixed solidarity bonus)

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Cash withdrawal from an account with the Banco Nacional de Fomento
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Recipient of the transfer: Mother
Conditionalities: Health: children have met the health indicators, attend the relevant services and meet the indicators of good nutrition.
Education: Enrollment in the formal school system from 1st to 6th grade, with 75% of school attendance per month and promotion to the next grade.
Child labour: Keep children away from economic activities. Adolescent and adult members of the beneficiary family must participate in training and qualification activities.

 

2) Services: Centro Abierto (Open Center)

Recipient(s): Babies and children with no possibility of staying at home under adult supervision.
Comments: 541 children aged 6 to 14 years who attend the open centers (54% of children of those ages are included in the programme).
Description: Nurseries where children go when there is no possibility, outside school hours, of staying at home under an adult supervision. In the Open Center, the children receive food, academic support, art and recreational activities. Protection centers are set up for early childhood care: babies and toddlers are fed according to age and have early stimulation as well.

 

3) Health Services

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme.
Description: It consists of a basic benefit package of health, including pediatric and dental services, control of growth and development, and vaccination. For families, it includes medical care to the family with an emphasis on pregnant women and workshops for training in parenting.

 

4) Nutrition Services

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme.
Description: Consists in providing lunch and an afternoon snack in order to improve child nutrition. It also includes the provision of a basic food basket to families that have a low quality of life. The kits contain non-perishable foods that are estimated to last for the whole month. The programe also aims to contribute to the educational achievement of children.

 

Impacto de los programas TEC en el trabajo infantil

Author: Secretaría de Acción Social (SAS) Oficina Internacional del Trabajo (OIT)
Date: 2007
Publication info: November [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Child Labour

 

 

 

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