United Nations              
Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes Database
Latin America and the Caribbean
Red de Oportunidades (Opportunities Network) (2006-)
Panama

 

 

Date: 2006-
Web: Official website of the programme
Description: Conditional cash transfer programme (CCT) with an emphasis on reducing extreme poverty. The programme has a specific component for rural and indigenous areas (Programme of grants for families to boy food). It also includes components of family support and to improve the local supply of social services.
   

Characteristics

Target population: Households in extreme poverty
Geographic scale: National
Targeting method: 1) Geographic: Corregimientos with the highest proportion of poverty according to information in the Poverty Maps, prepared from socio-economic variables of the Census of Social Vulnerability.
2) Proxy means test: Families in extreme poverty according to the information registered in the Social Vulnerability Survey.
Instrument of selection: Social Vulnerability Census
Registry of recipients: Unique Registry of Beneficiaries (RUB)
Exit strategies or criteria: When household loses eligibility. Recertification every 3 years
Comments: Provides family support actions to verify compliance with conditionalities and allow the exchange of information with the beneficiaries about their rights and needs.
The programme began in 2006 focusing on the districts with the highest incidence of extreme poverty, but with the aim of have a full coverage in all the country`s localities. The geographical arrangement of the progress of the programme was organized according to the results of the index of extreme poverty incidence (IPE) based on the Living Standards Survey 2003. In December 2008, the coverage of all localities was 95% complete.
The family support component primarily allows the exchange of information on the status of the beneficiary households and on compliance with the conditionalities.
The component of increased social services supply does not have a clear method of execution yet.
   

Institutionality

Legal framework: Executive Decree No.222-2007 (DMySC) (July 9, 2007), Resolution No. 042 (February 16, 2011), Resolution No. 122 (May 6, 2009), Resolution No. 071 (March 18, 2009), Resolution No. 160 (July 8, 2008).
Responsible organization(s): Ministry of Social Development (MIDES)
Executing organization(s): Secretariat of the Social Protection System
Responsible organization(s) for the registry of recipients: Ministry of Social Development
Source of funding: Government of Panama
   

1) Conditional cash transfer

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Delivery / Cash withdrawal
Periodicity of delivery: Bimonthly
Recipient of the transfer: Mother
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: Health: Pregnant women and in postpartum: medical check-ups attendance; Children under 5 years old: growth check-ups attendance, development and immunization check-ups. Education: Children aged 4 to 17 years: 85% attendance to classes during the bimonthly school period, parents should attend the meetings at the school Training: At least one adult household member: participation in training sessions convoked every two months.
Comments: In march 2009 the National Bank was introduced as paying entity in the districts where there is access to bank system. In the districts where there is no banking system, the operation is through mobile post offices of the Directorate of Posts and Telegraphs (COTEL).
Amount : B 50; see Data Excel format

 

Cash transfers in Latin America: Effects on poverty and redistribution

Author: Amarante, V., and Brun, M.
Date: 2016
Publication info: WIDER Working Paper 2016/136
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Evaluation

 

Author:
Date:
Publication info:
Link: See Webpage
Topic:

 

Author:
Date:
Publication info:
Link: See Webpage
Topic:

 

Author:
Date:
Publication info:
Link:
Topic:

 

Author:
Date:
Publication info:
Link: See Webpage
Topic:

 

 

 

Cooperation with:


 
© United Nations - ECLAC - Social Development Division