|Web:||Official website of the programme|
|Description:||Conditional cash transfer programme (CCT) with an emphasis on reducing extreme poverty. The programme has a specific component for rural and indigenous areas (Programme of grants for families to boy food). It also includes components of family support and to improve the local supply of social services.|
|Target population:||Households in extreme poverty|
|Targeting method:||1) Geographic: Corregimientos with the highest proportion of poverty according to information in the Poverty Maps, prepared from socio-economic variables of the Census of Social Vulnerability.
2) Proxy means test: Families in extreme poverty according to the information registered in the Social Vulnerability Survey.
|Instrument of selection:||Social Vulnerability Census|
|Registry of recipients:||Unique Registry of Beneficiaries (RUB)|
|Exit strategies or criteria:||When household loses eligibility. Recertification every 3 years|
|Comments:|| Provides family support actions to verify compliance with conditionalities and allow the exchange of information with the recipients about their rights and needs.
The programme began in 2006 focusing on the districts with the highest incidence of extreme poverty, but with the aim of have a full coverage in all the country`s localities. The geographical arrangement of the progress of the programme was organized according to the results of the index of extreme poverty incidence (IPE) based on the Living Standards Survey 2003. In December 2008, the coverage of all localities was 95% complete.
The family support component primarily allows the exchange of information on the status of the participanting households and on compliance with the conditionalities.
The component of increased social services supply does not have a clear method of execution yet.
|Legal framework:||Executive Decree No.222-2007 (DMySC) (July 9, 2007), Resolution No. 042 (February 16, 2011), Resolution No. 122 (May 6, 2009), Resolution No. 071 (March 18, 2009), Resolution No. 160 (July 8, 2008).|
|Responsible organization(s):||Ministry of Social Development (MIDES)|
|Executing organization(s):||Secretariat of the Social Protection System|
|Responsible organization(s) for the registry of recipients:||Ministry of Social Development|
|Source of funding:||Government of Panama|
1) Transferencia monetaria condicionada (Conditional cash transfer)
|Recipient(s):||Mothers in extreme poverty with children from 0 to 18 years old; from 0 to 4 years old who are being cared for in their respective health centers; from 5 to 18 years old who are studying. It also considers pregnant women and mothers of families.|
|Mode of transfer:||Flat transfer|
|Mode of delivery:||Delivery / Cash withdrawal or deposit in bank account|
|Periodicity of delivery:||Bimonthly|
|Recipient of the transfer:||Mother|
|Maximum per household:||One transfer per household|
|Conditionalities:||Health: Pregnant women and in postpartum: medical check-ups attendance; Children under 5 years old: growth check-ups attendance, development and immunization check-ups. Education: Children aged 4 to 17 years: 85% attendance to classes during the bimonthly school period, parents should attend the meetings at the school Development of Productive Capacities: At least one adult household member: participation in training sessions convoked every two months.|
|Sanctions:||If a head of household or family member uses the transfer to acquire inappropriate products, receive an attention call and are warned that if this practice persists, they will lose the right to be users of the programme.|
|Comments:||In the districts where there is no banking system, the operation is through mobile post offices of the Directorate of Posts and Telegraphs (COTEL).
In 2017, a standardization of transfer payments was generated and the periodicity was changed from bimonthly to quarterly.
|Amount :||PAB $50 monthly; see Data Excel format|
2) Family accompaniment
|Description:||It is a local intervention strategy that aims to reinforce and strengthen the impact of the programme. It provides support in order to facilitate the households' participation in the programme.|
3) Territorial infrastructure
|Description:||Government entities focus their resources in zones with extreme poverty, prioritizing the investment in territorial infrastructures required to attend the needs for water, sanitation, rural electrification, roads and access to indigenous and rural areas.|
Cash transfers in Latin America: Effects on poverty and redistribution
|Author:||Amarante, V., and Brun, M.|
|Publication info:||WIDER Working Paper 2016/136|