United Nations              
Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes Database
Latin America and the Caribbean
Sistema de Atención a Crisis (Crisis Response System) (2005-2006)
Nicaragua

 

 

Date: 2005-2006
Description: Conditional cash transfer programme (CCT) established to face the effects of natural disasters (drought, landslides and mudslides) that hit the north of the country. The programme operated with the intervention model of phase II of the RPS in six municipalities in the affected area. It increased the components of occupational training and productive investment.
   

Characteristics

Target population: Familias in extreme poverty
Geographic scale: Local
Targeting method: 1) Geographic (random)
2) Proxy means test
Registry of recipients: Single Register of Beneficiaries (RUB)
Exit strategies or criteria: Beneficiaries receive support during the length of the program (1 year)
Comments: The targeting method included identification of areas affected by the local branches of the Ministry of the Family and then by a means test based on unsitisfied basic needs, depending on the degree of the damage that affected the families.
About 3,000 families were assisted during the execution of the programme
Total costs of the programme was US$ 1,883,000
   

Institutionality

Legal framework:
Responsible organization(s): Solidarity Program for Development
Executing organization(s): Ministry of the Family
Source of funding: World Bank
   

1) Bono de seguridad alimentaria (Food security bonus)

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Delivery / Cash withdrawal
Periodicity of delivery: Bimonthly
Recipient of the transfer: Mother
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: Health: Women and adolescents: attendance at bimonthly training sessions; Children aged under 9 years: keeping up to date immunization schedule, children, adolescents and women of reproductive age: Attendance medical checks.
Sanctions: Children should remain at a healthy weight, and if they are underweight for two consecutive reviews, the household will lose the transfer.

 

2) Bono educativo (Education bonus)

Recipient(s): Families with at least one child between 7 and 15 years of age.
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Delivery / Cash withdrawal
Periodicity of delivery: Bimonthly
Recipient of the transfer: Mother
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: Education: Children between 7 and 13 years: Attendance to school with a maximum of 3 unexcused absences per month (95% attendance); Household: must use the transfer in education, as specified, .
Sanctions: Si los niños pierden más de las ausencias justificadas, se les deben proporcionar una nota del doctor para evitar ser penalizado. Esta transferencia se da a los hogares, así que si un niño no asiste a la escuela mientras que los otros lo hacen, la familia pierde su transferencia para ese ciclo.

 

3) Mochila Escolar (School backpack)

Recipient(s): Families with children between 7 and 15 years old.
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Delivery / Cash withdrawal
Periodicity of delivery: Annual
Recipient of the transfer: Mother
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: Education: Children: Must be enrolled in an educational establishment at the beginning of the school year.
Amount : US$1.8 annual

 

4) Bono a la oferta educativa (Education supply bonus)

Recipient(s): Families with children between 7 and 15 years old (to be sent to the teacher)
Comments: Children of school age from eligible households must attend school, households must send the transfer to the respective parent associations or directly to the teachers, and the teacher must participate in the local parents association sponsored by the Ministry of Education.
Description: Cash transfer to meet increased demand for educational services. The transfer also aims to increase the salaries of teachers and encourage their attendance at school given the high absenteeism tin the rural areas of the country.
Amount : US$1.3 bimonthly per children

 

5) Bono a la oferta en salud (Health supply bonus)

Recipient(s): Health care providers.
Mode of transfer: Transfers according to the number of patients attended within certain age ranges and types of consultation.
Comments: Finally it was not implemented.
Description: Cash transfer to meet increased demand for health services.
Amount : Up to US$90 per household attended per year

 

6) Componente de capacitación vocacional (Vocational occupational training - component)

Recipient(s): 1,000 households were randomly selected to participate in this component. The transfers are received by the household member whom satisfies the conditions of eligibility or would like to participate in activities.
Comments: Recipients must attend the vocational courses to receive the transfer "cost of opportunity".
Description: Includes three cash transfers to cover costs of training (one to demand and two to the offer): a) Transfer to cover the opportunity cost of participating in training; b) Transfer to cover course costs; and c) Transfer for technical assistance to the programme. The last two due to the institution providing the respective services.
Amount : a) USD$15 per month during the training (up to a maximum of $90 per year) b) $140 per household, c) $ 40 per household served by the providers.

 

7) Componente de inversión productiva (Productive investment component)

Recipient(s): 1,000 households were randomly selected to participate in this component. The transfers are received by the household member whom satisfies the conditions of eligibility or would like to participate in activities.
Comments: It was found that beneficiaries tend to look for common economic activities, resulting in most of them executing similar projects, reducing their chances of success.
Description: Includes two cash transfers to initiate a micro-enterprise: a) Transfer to productive investment and b) Transfer for technical assistance.
Amount : a) Two transfers of US$ 175 and $ 25, conditional to the approval of a business plan; b) A transfer of US$ 40 per household attended by providers.

 

Demand versus Returns? Pro-Poor Targeting of Business Grants and Vocational Skills Training

Author: Macours, K., Premand, P. and Vakis, R.
Date: 2013
Publication info: Impact Evaluation Series No. 88, World Bank
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact Evaluation

 

What are the economic impacts of conditional cash transfer programmes? A systematic review of the evidence

Author: Kabeer, N., Piza, C. and Taylor, L.
Date: 2012
Publication info: Technical Report 2013, Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPICentre)
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact Evaluation

 

The impact of Conditional Cash Transfers on the amount and type of child labor

Author: Del Carpio, X., Loayza, N., y Wada, T.
Date: 2016
Publication info: World Development Vol. 80, pp. 33–47.
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation

 

Nicaragua: Red de Protección Social y Sistema de Atención a Crisis en Transferencias con corresponsabilidad. Una mirada latinoamericana, E. Cohen y R. Franco (coords.)

Author: Largaespada Fredersdorff, Carmen
Date: 2006
Publication info: Mexico, FLACSO/SEDESOL [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information

 

Cash Transfers, Behavioral Changes and the Cognitive Development of Young Children: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment

Author: Macours, Karen, Norbert Schady and Renos Vakis
Date: 2008
Publication info: Johns Hopkins University and World Bank (draft) [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation

 

Changing households’ investments and aspirations through social interactions: Evidence from a randomised transfer program in a low-income country

Author: Macours, Karen and Renos Vakis
Date: 2008
Publication info: Johns Hopkins University and Banco Mundial (draft) [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation

 

Nicaragua’s Red de Protección Social: An Exemplary But Short-Lived Conditional Cash Transfer Programme

Author: Moore, Charity
Date: 2009
Publication info: Country Study (17), Brasilia. International Poverty Center (IPC) [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information

 

 

 

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