United Nations              
Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes Database
Latin America and the Caribbean
Chile Securities and Opportunities - SSyOO (Ethical Family Income - IEF) (2012-)
Chile

 

 

Date: 2012-
Web: Official website of the programme
Description: Chile Securities and Opportunities -SSyOO- (also known as Ethical Family Income programme -IEF) consists in a group of cash transfers that supply the autonomous incomes of households living in extreme poverty. The programme combines unconditional and conditional transfers. The Ethical Family Income has been designed around three basic pillars: 1) the dignity pillar that provides unconditional transfers for all the persons living in extreme poverty; 2) the duties pillar that provides conditional transfers to households in extreme poverty whose chilren have their medical check-ups updated and a regular school attendance; 3) the achievement pillar that provides conditional transfers for the 30% poorest households (the achievement rewarded are school performance and women's labour insertion). The programme also provides psico-social support to participating families, as well as socio-labour programmes.
   

Characteristics

Target population: Households living in extreme poverty. In the case of the achievement pillar it is extended to households belonging to the 30% most vulnerable part of the population.
Geographic scale: National
Targeting method: Proxy means testing (Socioeconomic Classification)
Instrument of selection: Social Household Registry (Decree 22, 2015)
Registry of recipients: Integrated Social Information System (SIIS)
Exit strategies or criteria: Graduation scheme with time limit and decreasing transfers. Family support: maximum of 24 months in the programe (recipient households stop receiving transfers but remain linked to the program, their socio-economic situation is re-evaluated after a year and those found as eligible are re-admitted, and payments are resumed for a new period of two years) and 48 months for the Women Employment Subsidy. No recertification.
   

Institutionality

Legal framework: Law 20.595 of the 05-11-2012
Responsible organization(s): Ministry of Social Development
Executing organization(s): Ministry of Social Development
Responsible organization(s) for the registry of recipients: Ministry of Social Development
Source of funding: Government of Chile
   

1) Bono de Protección (Protection Allowance)

Recipient(s): Flat transfer per household or individual recipient, which depends on the period of execution of the APS.
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer per household or individual recipient, which depends on the period of execution of the APS.
Mode of delivery: Electronic deposit or withdrawal of cash.
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Recipient of the transfer: Mother (preferably)
Maximum per household: One transfer per family
Conditionalities: Acording to the family contract.
Sanctions: The transfer is cancelled in case of reiterated breach of the participation commitments or the lack of claim of the allowance for 6 cosecutive months.
Comments: This allowance is provided during the period of family support (maximum 2 years)
Amount : In 2018, the amounts vary depending on the following time brackets: i) The first 6 months the amount is CH$ 17.010; ii) From the 7th to the 12th months, the amount is CH$ 12.960; iii) From the 13th to the 18th months, the amount is CH$ 8.910; iv) From the 19th to the 24th months, the amount is CH$ 11.340. These values are adjusted yearly using the Consumption Price Index of the previous year.

 

2) Subsidio a la cédula de identidad (Subsidy for the identity card)

Recipient(s): All families users of the Intersectoral System of Social Protection, which includes all individuals in the Chile Securities and Opportunities.
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: The subsidy is applied automatically in the Civil Registry and Identification Service when presenting the Electronic Identification Form (FEI) requested to the Family Intervention Unit of the municipality.
Periodicity of delivery: Once
Recipient of the transfer: Direct beneficiary
Maximum per household: None
Conditionalities: None
Comments: This is an indirect monetary subsidy intended for all members of a recipient household of Chile Securities and Opportunities, who do not have a valid identity card and need to obtain it or renew it.
Amount : The beneficiary pays only $ 500 and the State finances the difference in the cost of the identity card at the time of obtaining it.

 

3) Subsidio al pago del consumo de agua potable (Subsidy to the consumption of drinking water)

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Discount on the monthly bill
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: Being registered as recipient of Chile Securities and Opportunities.
Amount : The subsidy covers 100% of a maximum of 15 cubic meters monthly.

 

4) Bono Base Familiar (Basic Cash Transfer per Household)

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme
Mode of transfer: Transfer in function of the family composition (number of children)
Mode of delivery: Electronic deposit or withdrawal of cash.
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Recipient of the transfer: Mother (preferably)
Maximum per household: One transfer per family
Comments: It is a unconditional transfer. The amount of the transfer depends on the income that the family needs to overcome the extreme poverty line. The method of calculation to estimate the income that households need in order to move above the extreme poverty line is based on the ‘household income contribution index’. According to the law, this index corresponds to 85 per cent of the difference between the extreme poverty line, which is determined by the 2009 National Social and Economic Survey (Encuesta de Caracterización Socioeconómica Nacional, CASEN), and the potential household income per capita, provided that such a difference is positive. The potential income per capita amounts to the grand total of the sum of the following components: the national average of monthly autonomous income per capita for households living in extreme poverty; the average monthly expenditure per capita on imputed rent for persons and households living in extreme poverty; and the per capita benefits with a fiscal cost that are regularly paid to each household member.
Amount : The amount varies monthly depending on the economic situation of the household or individual recipient of the program, and covers 85% of the monthly income gap to overcome the threshold of extreme poverty. The average monthly amount of 2018 was CH$ 5.000 (variable amount). The amount decreases a sixth per month starting from the 17th month of payment.

 

5) Bono por Control Niño Sano (Healthy Children Control Allowance)

Recipient(s): All recipient households with children between 0 and 6 years of age
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Electronic deposit or withdrawal of cash.
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Recipient of the transfer: Mother (preferably)
Maximum per household: Does not have
Conditionalities: Health: Health checks attendance.
Household participation in the activities of psychosocial support (APS) or socio-labor support (ASL).
Comments: The allowance is delivered for 24 months, as far as the conditions are fulfilled.
Amount : In 2018 is CH$ 6000 monthly for each child younger than 6. See selected figures.

 

6) Bono por Asistencia Escolar (School Attendance Allowance)

Recipient(s): All recipient households with children aged between 6 and 18 years.
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Electronic deposit or withdrawal of cash.
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Recipient of the transfer: Mother (preferably)
Maximum per household: Does not have
Conditionalities: Education: Children must be enrolled in an educational institution recognized by the Ministry of Education, in Basic or Medium education levels, and must have a monthly assistance to class of at least 85%.
Household participation in the activities of psychosocial support (APS) or socio-labor support (ASL).
Comments: In order to fulfill the condition of class assistance during January and February, the program considers the average assistance of the period July-December of the previous year.
The allowance is delivered for 24 months, as far as the conditions are fulfilled.
Amount : In 2018 is CH$ 6000 monthly for each child that fulfill the requirements. See selected figures.

 

7) Bono por Formalización (Formal Labor Allowance)

Recipient(s): Individuals in households recipients of Chile Securities and Opportunities, who participate in the activities of socio-laboral support (ASL).
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Electronic deposit
Periodicity of delivery: Annual
Recipient of the transfer: Every member of a recipient household of the SSyOO, who fulfills the requirements.
Maximum per household: Does not have
Conditionalities: To effectively participate (i.e. in all activities) in the socio-laboral support program.
To register at least four continuous contributions of health and pension, or of the insurance of severance, declared and paid within the period of effective participation in the socio-laboral support program.
Comments: This allowance seeks to strengthen the integration of people into the formal labor market, by encouraging contributions in the pension system and thus contributing to the protection of the worker and his household.
Amount : Transfer of CH$ 210.060 (value in 2018), once a year. This value is adjusted every 1st of February using the total annual variation of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) of the previous year.

 

8) Bono por Graduación de 4to Medio (Middle School Graduation Allowance)

Recipient(s): Members of recipient households of the SSyOO older than 24, who have obtained their degree of middle school or equivalent from an educational institution recognized by the Ministry of Education.
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Electronic deposit.
Periodicity of delivery: Once
Recipient of the transfer: Direct beneficiary
Maximum per household: Does not have
Conditionalities: To obtain the degree of middle school or equivalent during the period of effective participation of the recipient in the SSyOO, from an educational institution recognized by the Ministry of Education.
Comments: This transfer seeks to encourage the completion of middle school studies in the adults of the more vulnerable households.
Amount : The transfer corresponds to CH$ 52.520 (value in 2018), delivered once. This value is adjusted the 1st of February every year using the Consumer Price Index (CPI) of the previous year. See also Data in Excel Format.

 

9) Bono Logro Escolar (School Achievement Allowance)

Recipient(s): Children and adolescents under 24 years of age attending school between the levels 5th of basic education and 4th of middle school, and whose grades are in the top 30% of their cohort.
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Electronic deposit.
Periodicity of delivery: Once at each academic year
Recipient of the transfer: Mother (preferably)
Maximum per household: Does not have
Conditionalities: To iobtain grades in the top 30% of their promotion or cohort, in an educational institution recognized by the Ministry of Education.
Comments: The beneficiaries of this allowance belong to the 30% poorest part of the population
Amount : The amounts of the allowance depend on the academic performance of the student:
- CH$ 57.776 (value in 2018) for students with grades in the top 15% of their cohort.
- CH$ 34.666 (value in 2018) for students with grades in the second top 15% of their cohort.
These amounts are adjusted every year with the variation of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) of the previous year.

 

10) Bono al Trabajo de la Mujer (Women Employment Subsidy)

Recipient(s): Women between 25 and 59 years of age that are working as employees, governed by the Labor Code, or as self-employed with their contributions up to date. They must be part of the Social Registry of Households and must belong to households at the bottom 40% of income or classified as in socio-economic vulnerability according to the Socio-economic Classification. Their gross monthly profits must be inferior to CH$ 461.938 or gross annual profit inferior to CH$ 5.543.260 (2018 values). These values are adjusted yearly using the variation of the Consumer Price Index of the previous year.
Mode of transfer: Cash transfer
Mode of delivery: Transfer to bank account.
Periodicity of delivery: Annual. Dependent workers (employees) can request monthly (provisional) advances that will later be reliquidated in the annual calculation.
Recipient of the transfer: Direct beneficiary
Conditionalities: To work as employees, governed by the Labor Code, or as self-employed with their contributions up to date.
Comments: This allowance is incompatible with the Youth Labour Subsidy and any other government program of employment generation.
Amount : The amount of the allowance depends on the income of the worker; see also Data Excel format.

 

11) Permanent Family Contribution (March Allowance)

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Cash withdrawal
Periodicity of delivery: Annual. In March
Recipient of the transfer: Mother
Maximum per household: One
Comments: It is a benefit that makes part of the Social Protection System, consisting of a cash payment, especifically in March of every year, for the families of lowest incomes.
Amount : The transfer in 2018 was CH$45.212 per family. The amount is adjusted every 1st of March using the Consumer Price Index (CPI) of the previous year

 

12) Programas de alimentación, vivienda y apoyo psicosocial (Food, housing and psychosocial support programs)

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme
Comments: These programs are: the School Feeding Program; Habitability; Support to families for self-consumption; Support for Mental Health Care; Technical help; the Family Dynamics Support Program; and the Program Families.
Description: Strategies of intervention through the action of professionals (family support) in charge of working with the beneficiaries for the development of their capacities and the achievement of goals related to the improvement of their lives conditions.

 

13) Programas de acompañamiento sociolaboral (Socio-labour support programmes)

Recipient(s): Adults over 18 years who are not studying or whose studies are compatible with the insertion in the programme
Mode of transfer: 1)Training sessions oriented to overcome barriers to beneficiaries' entering the labour market
2) Training sessions to develop their soft skills
3) Reinforcement and creation of technical competencies through training sessions
4) Labour intermediation to match labour supply and demand
Comments: The access to the different socio-labour programmes is within the framework of the Eje Programme. The Eje programme has been created to support the beneficaries in their path within the psychosocial support programmes and the Socio-labour support programmes. It considers the realization of a diagnostic, the elaboration of an intervention plan, the monitoring and assesment of the participation. These programs are: Generación de Microemprendimiento Indígena Urbano (Generation of Urban Indigenous Micro-entrepreneurship); ; Yo Trabajo (I work); Yo Emprendo Semilla (I Start a Business Seed); Yo Trabajo Jóvenes (I Work Youth); Programa de Formación y Capacitación (Training and Capacity Building Program); Programa de Desarrollo de Compentencias Laborales para Mujeres (Program of Development of Labor Competencies for Women); and Programa de Servicios Sociales (Social Services Program).
Description: Its aim is to improve the beneficiaries' skills in order to generate incomes, improve their employability conditions and their participation in the labour sector.

 

Informe final: evaluación de Impacto de la Bonificación Ingreso Ético Familiar del Ministerio de Desarrollo Social (Ex MIDEPLAN)

Author: UDD (Universidad del Desarrollo)
Date: 2014
Publication info: School of Government of Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago
Link: See Webpage
Topic: History, general information and impact evaluation

 

Cómo funciona el Ingreso Ético Familiar? Mejores prácticas en la implementación de Programas de Transferencias Monetarias Condicionadas en América Latina y el Caribe.

Author: Vargas, L. H., Cueva, P., and Medellín, N.
Date: 2017
Publication info: IDB, Social Protection and Health Division. Technical Note No. IDB-TN-1163.
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information

 

Políticas contra la pobreza: de Chile Solidario al Ingreso Ético Familiar.

Author: Larrañaga, O., Contreras, D. and Cabezas, G.
Date: 2014
Publication info: PNUD working paper
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information

 

Public Accounting 2014-2015. Summary Document

Author: Social Development Ministry
Date: March 2016
Publication info:
Link:
Topic: Summary of Social Projects of the Social Development Ministry

 

Permanent Family Contribution

Author: Chile Atiende
Date: 2016
Publication info:
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Program description

 

Informe Final Evaluación de Impacto de la Bonificación Ingreso Ético Familiar del Ministerio de Desarrollo Social (ex MIDEPLAN)

Author: Universidad del Desarrollo (UDD), Facultad de Gobierno
Date: 2014
Publication info:
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation

 

Pobreza y protección social: la voz de las mujeres beneficiarias del Ingreso Ético Familiar (IEF)

Author: Fernández, M.I. and M. Calcagni
Date: 2015
Publication info: Catalonia; Santiago de Chile
Link:
Topic: General information

 

The expansion of cash transfers in Chile and its challenges: Ethical Family Income

Author: Cecchini S. Robles C. and Vargas L.H.
Date: 2012
Publication info: International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth, Research Brief n˚26 Agosto 2012 [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information

 

 

 

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