United Nations              
Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes Database
Latin America and the Caribbean
Plan de Atención Nacional a la Emergencia Social (PANES) (National Social Emergency Response Plan) (2005-2007)
Uruguay

 

 

Date: 2005-2007
Web: Official website of the programme
Description: Temporary program launched by the Uruguayan government to alleviate the economic crisis that affected the country. The programme included a conditional cash transfer and a number of other interventions in various fields. It was replaced in 2008 by the Equity Plan, that extended the coverage of beneficiaries of PANES and removed conditional transfers.
   

Characteristics

Target population: Families in extreme poverty
Geographic scale: National
Targeting method: Proxy means test
Exit strategies or criteria: Emergency programme, with a limited duration.
Comments: Access to employment programmes, food support, health and education, and access to housing. It includes the "Building Exit Routes" programme (CRS) that incorporates personal development activities and civic integration.
   

Institutionality

Legal framework: Law 17,869 (2005)
Responsible organization(s): Ministry of Social Development (MIDES)
Source of funding: Government of Uruguay
   

1) Ingreso ciudadano (Citizen's income)

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: Cash withdrawal
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Recipient of the transfer: Heads of households
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: Health: perform family medical check ups
Education: ensure the permanence of children and adolescents in the education system.
Other: community activities associated with the programme "Building Exit Routes".

 

2) Tarjeta alimentaria (Food card)

Recipient(s): Families with children under 18 and / or pregnant women
Mode of transfer: Transfer according to household composition (number of children)
Mode of delivery: Magnetic card
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Recipient of the transfer: Mother
Maximum per household: 4 beneficiaries per household
Conditionalities: Does not have
Comments: Part of the National Food Plan
Allows to purchase a wide variety of foods, including fresh food, and cleaning supplies, except cigarettes, alcohol and soft drinks.
Still in operation after the closure of PANES.

 

3) CRS (Construyendo Rutas de Salida / Building Exit Routes)

Recipient(s): Heads of households of the families of the programme
Comments: 16,175 heads of households have benefited, distributed in 780 groups around the country.
Description: Community and socio-educational programme that aimed to implement strategies to overcome the different situations of social emergency. Among its targets were the recovery of the ability of literacy, training, and addressing subjective dimension, promoting the rights of citizenship and self-esteem, and incorporation of beneficiaries in several community activities.

 

4) TXU (Trabajo por Uruguay / Working for Uruguay)

Recipient(s): Heads of households of the families of the programme
Comments: Allowed beneficiaries access to health services, dental health, legal assistance (domestic violence), among others
Description: Emergency employment, particularly in areas of community interest, environmental improvement and promotion of cultural and social initiatives.

 

5) PAST (Atención a los Sin Techo / Assistance to the homeless)

Recipient(s): Homeless people
Description: Programme that offers homeless people a shelter for rest, dinner and breakfast plus a bed to sleep on, clothes and the possibility of showers.

 

6) Mejoramiento del Hábitat (Habitat improvement)

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme.
Description: It aims to contribute and provide support materials and technical assistance to promote the improvement of the places where the families of the programme live, through self-construction.

 

7) Microenterprise development program

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme.
Description: Includes the programmes: i) Productive Option Projects (POP) and ii) Strengthening of Local Initiatives. i) Finances up to 60% of the projects, being able to return the capital (cash) or in kind (goods or services).

 

Teenage School Attendance and Cash Transfers: An Impact Evaluation of PANES

Author: Amarante, V., Ferrando, M. and Vigorito, A.
Date: 2013
Publication info: Economía Journal, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA, vol. 0 (Fall 2013), pages 61-102, august
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation

 

Social Assistance and Birth Outcomes: Evidence from the Uruguayan PANES

Author: Amarante, V., Manacorda, M., Miguel, E. y Vigorito, A.
Date: 2011
Publication info: Research Department Publications 4714, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation

 

School attendance, child labor and Cash Transfers. An impact evaluation of PANES

Author: Amarante, V., Ferrando, M., and Vigorito, A.
Date: 2011
Publication info: PIERI Working Paper, No. 2011-22
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation

 

Impact of the Urugayan Conditional Cash Transfer Program

Author: Borraz, F., and Gonzalez, N.
Date: 2009
Publication info: Cuadernos de Economía, Vol. 46, pp. 243-271
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation

 

Do cash transfers improve birth outcomes? Evidence from matched vital statistics, social security and program data

Author: Amarante, V., Manacorda, M., Miguel, E., and Vigorito, A.
Date: 2011
Publication info: NBER Working Paper n. 17690
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation on maternal and child health

 

Informe Final de la evaluación intermedia del impacto del PANES

Author: Amarante, V., Burdín, G., Ferrando, M., Manacorda, M., and Vigorito, A.
Date: 2009
Publication info: Ministry of Social Development - University of the Republic
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation on education, earnings, labour inclusion, and housing conditions

 

Plan de Atención nacional a la Emergencia Social (PANES 2005-2007)

Author: MIDES
Date: n/d
Publication info: [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information

 

Del panes al plan de equidad

Author: Banco Mundial
Date: 2008
Publication info: Technical note, May [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information

 

Programas sociales y transferencias de ingresos en Uruguay. Los beneficios no contributivos y las alternativas para su extensión

Author: Arim, Rodrigo, Guillermo Cruces and Andrea Vigorito
Date: 2009
Publication info: Serie políticas sociales (146), ECLAC [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Social policies in Uruguay

 

 

 

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