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Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes Database
Latin America and the Caribbean
Previdência Rural (1993-)



Date: 1993-
Web: Official website of the programme
Description: Non-contributory pension programme targeted to informal rural workers in Brazil, part of the General Social Welfare Regime (RGPS) The program synthesizes various social security developments in that area since 1971. Retirement ages are 60 for men and 55 for women. It also includes the regulatory guidelines of the 1988 Constitution, ensuring a basic pension equal to the minimum wage for workers who are not embedded in the pension and retirement systems and are in a disadvantaged position within Brazilian society. Its direct predecessor is the rural version of the "Renda Mensal Vitalicia" , implemented by the military government.


Target population: 1) Older people living in rural or urban areas up to 50,000 inhabitants with economic performance in rural or small-scale fishing
2) People with disability - rural areas
Geographic scale: National (rural)
Targeting method: 1) Categorical
2) Geographic
Instrument of selection:
Registry of recipients:
Exit strategies or criteria: Loss of eligibility
Comments: In 2005, the Brazilian Congress opened a debate on specific aspects of the coverage of Rural Welfare, about a possible inclusion of agricultural workers living in urban areas and the exclusion of rural residents who worked in urban economic activities and / or outside the family economy. It was determined as a condition not to exceed 90 days per year on the exercise of non-agricultural economic activities or outside the domestic economy (no need for an employment contract) to hold the special pension rights.


Legal framework: Law Nº 8,212 ; Law Nº 8,213
Responsible organization(s): Ministry of Social Security
Executing organization(s): INSS (National Social Security Institute)
Source of funding: National Treasure

1) Older people's pension and disability

Recipient(s): All recipients of the programme
Mode of transfer: Monetary
Mode of delivery:
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Recipient of the transfer: Direct participant
Maximum per household:
Sanctions: Termination of the pension if the recipient acts as urban worker more than 90 days.
Comments: The minimum age for men is 60, while women are entitled to this transfer at age 55
Amount : Corresponds to the Brazilian real minimum wage for each year (BRL$ 1.045 en 2020); see Data Excel format


Proteção e Promoção Social de Pessoas com Deficiência no Brasil: uma abordagem a partir de indicadores sociais e relatos de caso.

Author: Roberta Mélega, Mariana Ferreira y Marta Battaglia.
Date: 2020
Publication info: Monitoramento SAGI: Série relatos de Caso No. 4
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Analysis and description of the program


Aspecto da proposta de mudança na regulamentação da Previdência Rural no Brasil

Author: Campos, André
Date: 2006
Publication info: IPEA. Paper for discussion 1195
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Normative framework / Targeting


Financiamento da Previdência Rural: Situação atual e mudanças

Author: Delgado, Guilherme y de Castro, Jorge Abrahão
Date: 2003
Publication info: IPEA. Paper for discussion 992
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Financial scheme


A previdência rural e sua importância para as famílias pobres no Nordeste: resultados de um estudo de caso no Rio Grande do Norte

Author: de Oliveira, R. and de Aquino, J.
Date: 2017
Publication info: Revista Econômica do Nordeste, 48(1), pages 115-130
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation


Previdência rural no Brazil

Author: Albuquerque, R., and Ribeiro, J.
Date: 2018
Publication info: IPEA Working paper No. 2404
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Analysis of the program and the structural imbalance of social pensions


Household Income as a Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil: Evidence from a Social Security Reform

Author: de Carvalho Filho, I.E.
Date: 2012
Publication info: Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 60, No. 2 (January 2012), pp. 399-435
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation


Old-age benefits and retirement decisions of rural elderly in Brazil

Author: de Carvalho Filho, I.E.
Date: 2008
Publication info: Journal of Development Economics 86 (2008) 129–146
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation


What is the impact of non-contributory pensions on poverty? Estimates from Brazil and South Africa

Author: Armando Barrientos
Date: 2003
Publication info: Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC) Working Paper No 33
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation


Non-contributory pensions in Brazil: The impact on poverty reduction

Author: Schwarzer, Helmut and Querino, Ana Carolina
Date: 2002
Publication info: ESS Paper 11, ILO [en linea]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation (Poverty reduction)




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