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Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes Database
Latin America and the Caribbean
Previdência Rural (1993-)



Date: 1993-
Web: Official website of the programme
Description: Non-contributory pension programme targeted to informal rural workers in Brazil, part of the General Social Welfare Regime (RGPS) The program synthesizes various social security developments in that area since 1971. Retirement ages are 60 for men and 55 for women. It also includes the regulatory guidelines of the 1988 Constitution, ensuring a basic pension equal to the minimum wage for workers who are not embedded in the pension and retirement systems and are in a disadvantaged position within Brazilian society. Its direct predecessor is the rural version of the "Renda Mensal Vitalicia" , implemented by the military government.


Target population: 1) Elderly living in rural or urban areas up to 50,000 inhabitants with economic performance in rural or small-scale fishing
2) People with disability - rural areas
Geographic scale: National (rural)
Targeting method: 1) Categorical
2) Geographic
Exit strategies or criteria: Loss of eligibility
Comments: In 2005, the Brazilian Congress opened a debate on specific aspects of the coverage of Rural Welfare, about a possible inclusion of agricultural workers living in urban areas and the exclusion of rural residents who worked in urban economic activities and / or outside the family economy. It was determined as a condition not to exceed 90 days per year on the exercise of non-agricultural economic activities or outside the domestic economy (no need for an employment contract) to hold the special pension rights.


Legal framework: Law nº 8,212 ; Law nº 8,213
Responsible organization(s): Ministry of Social Security
Executing organization(s): INSS (National Social Security Institute)
Source of funding: National Treasure

1) Elderly pension and disability

Recipient(s): All beneficiaries of the programme
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Periodicity of delivery: Monthly
Recipient of the transfer: Direct beneficiary
Sanctions: Termination of the pension if the beneficiary acts as urban worker more than 90 days.
Comments: The minimum age for men is 60, while women are entitled to this transfer at age 55


A previdência rural e sua importância para as famílias pobres no Nordeste: resultados de um estudo de caso no Rio Grande do Norte

Author: de Oliveira, R. and de Aquino, J.
Date: 2017
Publication info: Revista Econômica do Nordeste, 48(1), pages 115-130
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation


Previdência rural no Brazil

Author: Albuquerque, R., and Ribeiro, J.
Date: 2018
Publication info: IPEA Working paper No. 2404
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Analysis of the program and the structural imbalance of social pensions


Household Income as a Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil: Evidence from a Social Security Reform

Author: de Carvalho Filho, I.E.
Date: 2012
Publication info: Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 60, No. 2 (January 2012), pp. 399-435
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation


Old-age benefits and retirement decisions of rural elderly in Brazil

Author: de Carvalho Filho, I.E.
Date: 2008
Publication info: Journal of Development Economics 86 (2008) 129–146
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation


What is the impact of non-contributory pensions on poverty? Estimates from Brazil and South Africa

Author: Armando Barrientos
Date: 2003
Publication info: Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC) Working Paper No 33
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation


Non-contributory pensions in Brazil: The impact on poverty reduction

Author: Schwarzer, Helmut and Querino, Ana Carolina
Date: 2002
Publication info: ESS Paper 11, ILO [en linea]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation (Poverty reduction)




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