Red de Desarrollo Social de América Latina y el Caribe
Plataforma virtual para la difusión de conocimiento sobre desarrollo social

Heat and Learning

 

Autor institucional : Brown University
Autor/Autores: Joshua Goodman, Michael Hurwitz, Jisung Park, Jonathan Smith
Fecha de publicación: Abril 2019
Publicado en: Estados Unidos
Descargar: Descargar PDF
Resumen: We demonstrate that heat inhibits learning and that school air-conditioning may mitigate this effect. Student fixed effects models using 10 million PSAT-retakers show hotter school days in years before the test reduce scores, with extreme heat being particularly damaging. Weekend and summer temperature has little impact, suggesting heat directly disrupts learning time. New nationwide, school-level measures of air-conditioning penetration suggest patterns consistent with such infrastructure largely offsetting heat s effects. Without air-conditioning, a 1F hotter school year reduces that year s learning by one percent. Hot school days disproportionately impact minority students, accounting for roughly five percent of the racial achievement gap.
   

 

 

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