Red de Desarrollo Social de América Latina y el Caribe
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Out of School and Out of Work Risk and Opportunities for Latin America’s Ninis


Autor institucional : World Bank
Autor/Autores: Rafael de Hoyos, Halsey Rogers, Miguel Székely
Fecha de publicación: 2015
Alcance geográfico: Latinoamericano
Publicado en: Internacional
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Resumen: Throughout Latin America, youth who are neither working nor in school are often labeled ninis, from the Spanish phrase “ni estudia ni trabaja.” 1 One in five youth in the region—totaling more than 18 million people aged 15–24—is living as a nini.2 Moreover, the problem has proven very persistent. Despite the strong economic performance of Latin America during the 2000s—with vibrant economic growth and a significant reduction in poverty and inequality—the proportion of ninis fell only marginally, and the number of ninis actually increased. There are three main reasons why governments throughout Latin America—and beyond them, society as a whole—should care about the nini problem: •• It contributes to the intergenerational persistence of inequality. Nearly 60 percent of ninis in the region are from poor or vulnerable households in the bottom 40 percent of the income distribution,3 and 66 percent are women. Coupled with long-lasting harm to labor-market performance, these imbalances tend to lock in gender disparities and low incomes from one generation to the next, obstructing social mobility and poverty reduction in the region. •• It is linked to crime and violence, in some contexts. In Colombia, Mexico, and Central America, where the share of ninis is above the regional average, the problem is compounded by the widespread presence of organized crime. In such environments, new evidence shows that the nini problem is correlated with crime and violence, heightening risks for the youth and for society as a whole. •• Failing to address the problem of ninis in Latin America could prevent the region from exploiting an emerging demographic window of opportunity.



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