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Introduction
 
The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the United Nations Children’s Fund Regional Office for the Americas and the Caribbean (UNICEF-TACRO) have, since 2008, used the methodology for measuring child poverty developed in 2003 by UNICEF, the University of Bristol, and the London School of Economics (a methodology for measuring multiple deprivations known as the Bristol Indicators). The aim of this adaptation is to estimate child poverty directly with a multidimensional human rights based approach in the countries of the region while complementing the measurement of absolute poverty in terms of the income of households in which children and adolescents live. The first product of this work was the publication "Child Poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean", which presents data on child poverty from 2007 in 18 countries in the region (ECLAC-UNICEF, 2010). The diagnosis on the welfare of children under 18 years of age within the framework of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) of 1989 is valuable in guiding the formulation of public policies in Latin America and the Caribbean, and in monitoring the fulfillment of child rights in the region.

Note that other products related to this initiative are the studies on "Comprehensive national child protection systems: legal basis and current practice in Latin America and the Caribbean" (Morlachetti, 2013), "Gasto público dirigido a la niñez en América Latina y el Caribe: Principales experiencias de medición y análisis distributivo" (Curcio, Goldschmit y Robba, 2012), "El Bono Juancito Pinto del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Programas de transferencias monetarias e infancia" (Marco, 2012), "Infancia en América Latina: Privaciones habitacionales y desarrollo de capital humano" (Katzman 2011), "Políticas de educación y su impacto sobre la superación de la pobreza infantil" (Cortés y Giacometti, 2010), "Legislaciones nacionales y derechos sociales en América Latina. Análisis comparado hacia la superación de la pobreza infantil" (Morlachetti 2010), "La provisión de cuidado y la superación de la pobreza infantil. Programas de transferencias condicionadas en Argentina y el papel de las organizaciones sociales y comunitarias" (Pautassi y Zibecchi, 2010) and different editions of Challenges, a newsletter on progress towards the Millennium Development Goals from a child rights perspective, published twice a year by ECLAC and UNICEF.
Objectives
This Guide is intended to sensitize governments, statistical agencies, academic centers, and organizations interested in the problems children face on the importance of estimating child poverty with available sources of information in the region. It also aims to outline the procedure for obtaining measures of multidimensional child poverty, calculating rates, analyzing disparities, and expressing information on territorial disparities through maps.
What does the Guide contain?
  • A conceptual and methodological framework
  • The methodology known as the Bristol Indicators
  • The ECLAC-UNICEF adaptation and its proposed aggregation indices
  • The identification of available sources of information that can be used to estimate child poverty
  • Exercises and examples of how to identify levels of deprivation
  • Exercises and examples of how to estimate global poverty measures
  • Training videos for mapping child poverty estimates by territory
  • Exercises and examples of how to map deprivation
  • Databases adapted to perform the exercises
  • Bibliography with links to websites and files
  • Access to free computer programs (software)
How can you use the Guide?
The guide encourages independent learning, as it allows users to follow the various procedures and perform the exercises. It can also be used to support courses and workshops.

Upon completion of the Guide, you will be knowledgeable enough to estimate child poverty in a particular country with a multi-deprivation, rights-based approach.

 
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