United Nations              
Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes Database
Latin America and the Caribbean
Tekoporâ (2005-)
Paraguay

 

 

Date: 2005-
Web: Official website of the programme
Description: TEKOPORÃ is a conditional cash transfer program (CCT) that seeks to provide social protection to households living in poverty and improve the quality of life of its participants. From the beginning, the focus was the facilitation of the exercise of rights to food, health and education. In the present, it seeks to incorporate people with severe disabilities in situations of poverty and / or vulnerability, as well as indigenous communities. It is part of the social protection programs of the Ministry of Social Development - MDS (previously called Social Action Secretariat - SAS), together with the Propais II and Ñopytyvo programs.
   

Characteristics

Target population: Households in extreme poverty with pregnant women, widowed parents, elderly and / or children up to 18 years old, as well as people with disabilities and indigenous families.
Geographic scale: National
Targeting method: 1) Geographical: Poorest and most vulnerable districts of the country according to the Geographical Priority Index (GPI), which combines the methods of Monetary Poverty Line and Unsatisfied Basic Needs.
2) Proxy means test: Households in condition of poverty according to the Quality of Life Index (ICV), calculated from the information registered in the Participant Selection Form.
3) Categorical: Criteria for program selection.
4) Community: Validation of lists of participants by the Community Participation Table and review of cases.
Instrument of selection: Geographical Priority Index (GPI) and Quality of Life Index (GCI) calculated from the Participant Selection Form.
Registry of recipients: List of Participants of Tekoporã, incorporated in the System of Information and Management of Beneficiaries of Social Programs (SIGBE).
Exit strategies or criteria: When the household loses eligibility. Maximum period of of tenure: 6 years (if the eligibility conditions persist, the period is extended for two years and may be extended for up to 10 years). Families of indigenous peoples and persons with disabilities may remain in the program permanently, provided that they meet the criteria established by the Program.
Comments: Supply side restrictions were taken into consideration in the selection of districts that participated in the pilot programme and the preparation for extension of coverage. Therefore, municipalities did not join the program according to a priority criteria.
In 2007, the coverage target for 2009 was reduced from 162,600 households to just 45,000 (28% of the initial goal).
In 2012, the program incorporated indigenous families in the target population, including approximately 504 families that were part of the Ñepytyvo program.
Since 2017, families participating in the program have access to a life microinsurance, enjoying financial protection in the event of the death of a member for a period of 12 months.
   

Institutionality

Legal framework: Decree No. 1928 (2009). Law N° 4.078/11.
Responsible organization(s): Presidency of the Republic
Executing organization(s): Ministry of Social Development (previously called Social Action Secretariat)
Responsible organization(s) for the registry of recipients: Ministry of Social Development (previously called Social Action Secretariat)
Source of funding: Inter American Development Bank (IDB) (2005-2010), World Bank (2009), Grant of the Republic of Taiwan (2005-2010), Yacyreta Binational Entity (2009-2010), Genuine Treasury Resources "Taxes"
   

1) Soporte alimentario (Food support)

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: 1) Magnetic card (in ATM of the BNF)
2) Bank counter (of the BNF)
3) Mobile ATM (of the BNF)
4) eWallet/Digital Wallet (throught text messages on mobile phones)
Periodicity of delivery: Bimonthly (subject to confirmation of date)
Recipient of the transfer: Mother
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: Health: Children and adolescents: attend health care centers for growth and development controls and vaccinations; Pregnant women: attending pre-natal checks.
Education: Enrollment and regular school attendance of children and adolescents at schools and participation of adults in literacy programs of the Ministry of Education (MEC).
Identification: Must have ID card
Sanctions: Does not have
Amount : G 90.000 in 2017; see Data Excel format

 

2) Apoyo en educación y salud (Education and health support)

Recipient(s): 1) Children up to 18 years.
2) Pregnant women.
Mode of transfer: Transfer according to household composition
Mode of delivery: 1) Magnetic card (in ATM of the BNF)
2) Bank counter (of the BNF)
3) Mobile ATM (of the BNF)
4) eWallet/Digital Wallet (throught text messages on mobile phones)
Periodicity of delivery: Bimonthly (subject to confirmation of date)
Recipient of the transfer: Mother
Maximum per household: Four recipients per household
Conditionalities: Health: Children and adolescents: attend health care centers for growth and development controls and vaccinations; Pregnant women: attending pre-natal checks.
Education: Enrollment and 85% school attendance of children and adolescents (6-18 years) and participation of adults in literacy programmes from the Ministry of Education (MEC).
Identification: Must have an ID card.
Sanctions: Does not have
Amount : Minimum G 40.000 in 2017; see Data Excel Format

 

3) Apoyo adultos mayores (Support for the elderly)

Recipient(s): Elderly over 65 years old.
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: 1) Magnetic card (in ATM of the BNF)
2) Bank counter (of the BNF)
3) Mobile ATM (of the BNF)
4) eWallet/Digital Wallet (throught text messages on mobile phones)
Periodicity of delivery: Bimonthly (subject to confirmation of date)
Recipient of the transfer: Direct beneficiary
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: Health: Attendance to basic health check ups
Sanctions: Does not have
Comments: Implemented in 2009
Amount : G 40.000 in 2017; see Data Excel format

 

4) Apoyo discapacitados (Support for the disabled)

Recipient(s): Disabled people
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: 1) Magnetic card (in ATM of the BNF)
2) Bank counter (of the BNF)
3) Mobile ATM (of the BNF)
4) eWallet/Digital Wallet (throught text messages on mobile phones)
Periodicity of delivery: Bimonthly (subject to confirmation of date)
Recipient of the transfer: Direct beneficiary
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: Health: Attendance to basic health checks
Comments: Established in 2009
Amount : Minimum G. 150.000 in 2017; see Data Excel format

 

5) Apoyo a familias indígenas (Support to indigenous families)

Recipient(s): Indigenous families in poverty situation whose familiy members include pregnant women, children between 0-14 years old, teenagers between 15 to 18 years old in dependent situation and/or disabled people.
Mode of transfer: Flat transfer
Mode of delivery: 1) Magnetic card (ATM of the BNF)
2) Bank counter (of the BNF)
3) Mobile ATM (of the BNF)
4) eWallet/Digital Wallet (throught text messages on mobile phones)
Periodicity of delivery: Bimonthly (subject to confirmation of date)
Recipient of the transfer: Household head
Maximum per household: One transfer per household
Conditionalities: The conditionalities, their control and follow-up are agreed according to the procedures established in the Consultation Protocol, which is a tool of the Social Action Secretariat (SAS) that respects the cultural diversity and autonomy of indigenous peoples, while guaranteeing their participation throughout the process of the program implementation.
Sanctions: Sanctions for non-compliance of conditionalities will be discuss in community assemblies and will vary from case to case
Comments: Indigenous support is implemented since 2015.
Amount : G 225.000 in 2017; see Data in Excel format

 

6) Acompañamiento sociofamiliar y comunitario (Social and community support)

Recipient(s): All beneficiary households of the programme
Description: These are agents who visit the households to verify compliance with the co-responsibilities and to provide guidance related to the family-habitat improvement (preferably, hygiene, tips to improve food availability and health), and also act managing the household access to public services.

 

Evaluación de impacto del programa TEKOPORA

Author: Serafini, V., and Rossi, M.
Date: 2016
Publication info: Consultancy report of the support program for the management of the Ministry of Finance in matters of social and employment policy
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Impact evaluation

 

El efecto de las ayudas sociales en la población de adultos mayores sobre las tasas de pobreza

Author: Rodriguez, L., and Benítez, G.
Date: 2018
Publication info: Working paper from CADEP, CONACYT and PROCIENCIA
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Descriptive and comparative analysis

 

Cash transfers in Latin America: Effects on poverty and redistribution

Author: Amarante, V., and Brun, M.
Date: 2016
Publication info: WIDER Working Paper 2016/136
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Evaluation

 

Management Report 2015: 20 years of action to reduce poverty in Paraguay

Author: Secretariat for Social Action (Paraguay)
Date: December 2015
Publication info: Asunción - Paraguay December 2015 [on line]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Report on social programs of the Secretariat for Social Action of Paraguay in 2015

 

Perfil de las familias en situación de pobreza que dejarían de recibir ayudas de corresponsabilidad

Author: Programa Conjunto Invertir en la Gente impulsado por PNUD/UNICEF/UNFPA
Date: 2009
Publication info: [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Article

 

“Transferencias Monetarias Lecciones de África y América Latina: ““El Impacto de los Programas de TMC Aquello que Sabemos y Aquello de lo que no Estamos Seguros

Author: Rafael Perez Ribas, Fábio Veras Soares and Guilherme Issamu Hirata
Date: 2009
Publication info: Centro Internacional de Políticas para el Crecimiento Inclusivo Grupo de Pobreza, Oficina para Políticas de Desarrollo, PNUD; Poverty in Focus N° 15-Brasilia, DF - Brazil [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Article

 

Notas N° 5 sobre Desarrollo Humano.“Transferencias monetarias condicionadas (TMC) en América Latina y Paraguay: un instrumento para la reducción de la pobreza y las desigualdades (I)“

Author: Oficina de Desarrollo Humano (PNUD Paraguay)
Date: 2009
Publication info: Asunción - Paraguay October 2009 [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information

 

Transferencias Condicionadas, Estrategias de Combate al Hambre y de la Desnutrición en América Latina y el Caribe

Author: Ana Fonseca
Date: 2008
Publication info: FAO, Iniciativa AMÉRICA LATINA Y CARIBE SIN HAMBRE
Link:
Topic: General information

 

EL IMPACTO DEL PROGRAMA TEKOPORA DE PARAGUAY EN LA NUTRICIÓN, EL CONSUMO Y ECONOMÍA LOCAL

Author: Federico Barrios, Luis A Galeano and Susana Sánchez
Date: 2008
Publication info: Oficina Regional de FAO/FLACSO - Paraguay November 2008 [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information

 

Los Logros y las Carencias de las Transferencias de Efectivo Condicionadas: Evaluación del Impacto del Programa Tekoporã del Paraguay

Author: Fábio Veras Soares, Rafael Perez Ribas and Guilherme Issamu Hirata
Date: 2008
Publication info: Note 3, Brasilia. International Poverty center (IPC) [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Información General/ Evaluación

 

Paraguay: La Red de Promoción y Protección Social en Transferencias con corresponsabilidad. Una mirada latinoamericana, E. Cohen y R. Franco (coords.)

Author: Rivarola, Domingo M.
Date: 2006
Publication info: Mexico, FLACSO/SEDESOL [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information

 

Impacto de los programas TEC en el trabajo infantil

Author: Secretaría de Acción Social (SAS) Oficina Internacional del Trabajo (OIT)
Date: 2007
Publication info: November [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: Child labour

 

Encarando las limitaciones en la capacidad para transferencias monetarias condicionadas en Latinoamérica: los casos de El Salvador y Paraguay

Author: Soares, Fabio and Tatiana Britto
Date: 2007
Publication info: Working Paper (37), Brasilia. International Poverty center (IPC) [online]
Link: See Webpage
Topic: General information/Evaluation

 

 

 

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